In vitro, estrogens stimulate corticotropin‐releasing factor (CRF) gene transcription. In ovariectomized (OVX) rats, estrogens have a negative effect on CRF mRNA levels in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. This suggests that the stimulatory influence of estrogens found in vitro may be masked in vivo by an inhibitory effect mediated through neural and/or humoral factors. Glucocorticoids may be involved in this phenomenon since estrogens increase circulating corticosterone levels in OVX rats. We studied the effect of 7‐day 17 β‐estradiol (E2) treatment on CRF gene expression in the paraventricular nucleus of 2‐week OVX mature rats after sham operation or adrenalectomy (ADX) with or without corticosterone replacement. In sham ADX animals, E2 administration increased plasma corticosterone concentrations, did not change the binding capacity or the affinity of circulating corticosteroid binding globulin, and decreased hypothalamic CRF gene expression. Following ADX, CRF mRNA levels increased and were normalized by corticosterone treatment. Estrogens induced a significant build up in CRF mRNA concentrations in both ADX or ADX corticosterone‐replaced animals. Our data demonstrate that the positive effect of estrogens on CRF gene expression found in vitro or in vivo after ADX is antagonized, in vivo when the adrenal glands are intact, by a negative influence. They strongly suggest that the increased circulating corticosterone levels induced by E2 administration mediate the inhibitory effect of estrogens on CRF mRNA levels. These observations may explain the gender related differences in the basal and stress‐induced hypothalamo‐pituitary‐adrenal activity.
Journal of Neuroendocrinology – Wiley
Published: Jul 1, 1996
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera