The Mechanism of Natural Ground‐Water Recharge and Discharge: 1. One‐dimensional, Vertical, Unsteady, Unsaturated Flow above a Recharging or Discharging Ground‐Water Flow System

The Mechanism of Natural Ground‐Water Recharge and Discharge: 1. One‐dimensional, Vertical,... The unsaturated flow processes of infiltration and evaporation are in physical and mathematical continuity with the parallel saturated processes of recharge and discharge. Water table fluctuations result when the rate of ground‐water recharge or discharge is not matched by the unsaturated flow rate created by infiltration or evaporation. A water‐table rise provides the source of replenishment to the ground‐water zone that allows the prevailing rate of recharge to continue. This dynamic water‐table behavior can be simulated by a one‐dimensional, numerical mathematical model involving transient flow through an integrated saturated‐unsaturated system. The solutions are applicable to homogeneous, isotropic soils in which the functional relationships show hysteresis properties. The model allows upper boundary conditions of constant rate rainfall, ponded water, evaporation, and redistribution. It can be used to determine the water‐table fluctuation that will arise from a given set of initial conditions, boundary conditions, and soil type. The effects of variations in the parameters that control the flow are examined to arrive at a better understanding of the mechanism of natural ground‐water recharge and discharge. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Water Resources Research Wiley

The Mechanism of Natural Ground‐Water Recharge and Discharge: 1. One‐dimensional, Vertical, Unsteady, Unsaturated Flow above a Recharging or Discharging Ground‐Water Flow System

Water Resources Research, Volume 5 (1) – Feb 1, 1969

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1969 by the American Geophysical Union.
ISSN
0043-1397
eISSN
1944-7973
DOI
10.1029/WR005i001p00153
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The unsaturated flow processes of infiltration and evaporation are in physical and mathematical continuity with the parallel saturated processes of recharge and discharge. Water table fluctuations result when the rate of ground‐water recharge or discharge is not matched by the unsaturated flow rate created by infiltration or evaporation. A water‐table rise provides the source of replenishment to the ground‐water zone that allows the prevailing rate of recharge to continue. This dynamic water‐table behavior can be simulated by a one‐dimensional, numerical mathematical model involving transient flow through an integrated saturated‐unsaturated system. The solutions are applicable to homogeneous, isotropic soils in which the functional relationships show hysteresis properties. The model allows upper boundary conditions of constant rate rainfall, ponded water, evaporation, and redistribution. It can be used to determine the water‐table fluctuation that will arise from a given set of initial conditions, boundary conditions, and soil type. The effects of variations in the parameters that control the flow are examined to arrive at a better understanding of the mechanism of natural ground‐water recharge and discharge.

Journal

Water Resources ResearchWiley

Published: Feb 1, 1969

References

  • Growth and decay of groundwater mounds in response to uniform percolation
    Hantush, Hantush
  • Infiltration in sands and its relation to groundwater recharge
    Smith, Smith

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