Abstract. Photosynthetic utilization of HCO, in leaves of Poiamogeton and Elodea occurs at the lower leaf side, with subsequent OH∼ release at the upper side. It is accompanied by transport of cations, in the present experiment K +, across the leaf. The resulting pH and K+ concentration changes near the leaf surface were recorded with miniature electrodes. From the pH and K+ concentration the concentrations of the different inorganic carbon species were calculated and compared with photosynthetic O, production. HCO−3 utilization is accompanied by a drastic increase in the free CO2 concentration near the lower epidermis. Experiments with CO2− and HCO3−free solutions showed an oscillating acidification near the lower epidermis and alkalinization near the upper epidermis. It is concluded that the acidification results from the activity of light‐dependent H+ pumps. The finding that an increase in pH at the upper side always coincided with a decrease at the lower in these experiments shows that the H+ pumps and the OH− extruding mechanism are coupled although occurring in different cell layers. Previously we have suggested that the first step in the process of photosynthetic HCO3− utilization is external conversion of HCO3−” by acidification caused by light‐dependent H+ pumps. The present results strongly support this hypothesis. Two possible pathways for the accompanying K + transport are discussed. The model presented here explains the known inhibiting effects of buffers and high pH on photosynlhetic HCO3− utilization.
Plant Cell & Environment – Wiley
Published: Jun 1, 1982
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