Since the correct determination of CD34+ cells is of great clinical importance for successful transplantation with haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from cord blood, we investigated the influence of different erythrocyte lysing techniques on the quantification of CD34+ cells in umbilical cord blood. Flow cytometric determinations of CD34+ cells were performed from 20 cord blood samples, using three different erythrocyte lysing procedures and two monoclonal CD34 antibodies (n = 360). Flow cytometric analysis showed characteristic patterns of the forward (FSC) and side (SSC) scatter light properties for the leucocyte subsets for each of the investigated erythrocyte lysing procedures, indicating that these reagents cause different morphological changes on leucocytes. Furthermore, significant differences of CD34+ cell counts were obtained for identical samples using different lysing techniques (P = 0.001 and P = 0.002). In some cases, a more than 100% difference was found comparing different erythrocyte lysing procedures. In contrast, the determination of CD34+ cells by two CD34 antibodies showed a good reproducibility without significant differences between both antibodies for each of the erythrocyte lysing techniques. We conclude that the erythrocyte lysing procedure represents a very critical and important step for accurate determination of CD34+ cells in whole blood samples. Especially for the quantification of HPCs in cord blood transplants, this influence may be of high clinical relevance.
Transfusion Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jun 1, 1998
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