1 The ability of 5‐HT2 and 5‐HT4 receptor antagonists to modify the disinhibitory profile of diazepam and other agents was investigated in male BKW mice in the light/dark test box. 2 The 5‐HT2A/2B/2C receptor antagonists ritanserin, MDL11939 and RP62203 and also methysergide, which failed to modify mouse behaviour when administered alone, caused dose‐related enhancements (4 to 8 fold) in the potency of diazepam to disinhibit behavioural responding to the aversive situation of the test box. 3 Ritanserin was shown to enhance the disinhibitory potency of other benzodiazepines, chlordiazepoxide (4 fold), temazepam (10 fold) and lorazepam (10 fold), the 5‐HT1A receptor ligands, 8‐OH‐DPAT (25 fold), buspirone (100 fold) and lesopitron (500 fold), the 5‐HT3 receptor antagonists, ondansetron (100 fold) R(+)‐zacopride (100 fold) and S(−)‐zacopride (greater than a 1000 fold), the substituted benzamides, sulpiride (10 fold) and tiapride (5 to 10 fold) and the cholecystokinin (CCK)A receptor antagonist, devazepide (100 fold). It also reduced the onset of action of disinhibition following treatment with the 5‐HT synthesis inhibitor parachlorophenylalanine. Ritanserin failed to enhance the disinhibitory effects of the CCKB receptor antagonist CI‐988, the angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist losarten or the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor ceranapril. 4 The 5‐HT4 receptor antagonists SDZ205‐557, GR113808 and SB204070 caused dose‐related reductions in the disinhibitory effect of diazepam, returning values to those shown in vehicle treated controls. The antagonists failed to modify mouse behaviour when administered alone. 5 GR113808 was also shown to cause a dose‐related antagonism of the disinhibitory effects of chlordiazepoxide, lorazepam, 8‐OH‐DPAT, buspirone, lesopitron, ondansetron, R(+)‐zacopride, sulpiride, tiapride, devazepide, CI‐988, losarten, ceranapril and parachlorophenylalanine. 6 It was concluded that in BKW mice (a) the failure of 5‐HT2 and 5‐HT4 receptor antagonists when administered alone to modify behaviour in the light/dark test indicates an absence of an endogenous 5‐HT tone at the 5‐HT2 and 5‐HT4 receptors and (b) the enhancement by the 5‐HT2 receptor antagonists and attenuation by the 5‐HT4 receptor antagonists of drug‐induced disinhibition indicates a plurality of 5‐HT receptor involvement in the mediation of drug‐induced disinhibitory profiles in the mouse. British Journal of Pharmacology (1997) 122, 1105–1118; doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0701513
British Journal of Pharmacology – Wiley
Published: Nov 1, 1997
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