The implementation of knowledge dissemination in the
prevention of occupational skin diseases
* U. Bollmann,
Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, University of Osnabr
Institute for Interdisciplinary Dermatological Prevention and Rehabilitation (iDerm), Osnabr
Institute for Work and Health (IAG) of the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV), Dresden, Germany
Centro Studi GISED, Bergamo, Italy
Department of Dermatology, Bern University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
Institute of Occupational Health of RM, Skopje, FYR Macedonia
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Clinical Hospital Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Educational Sciences, MSH Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences
and Medical University, Hamburg, Germany
*Correspondence: A. Wilke. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background Occupational skin diseases (OSD) have a high medical, social, economic and political impact. Knowledge dis-
semination from research activities to key stakeholders involved in health care is a prerequisite to make prevention effective.
Objectives To study and prioritize different activity ﬁelds and stakeholders that are involved in the prevention of OSD,
to reﬂect on their inter-relationships, to develop a strategic approach for knowledge dissemination and to develop a
hands-on tool for OSD prevention projects
Methods Seven different activity ﬁelds that are relevant in the prevention of OSD have been stepwise identiﬁed. This
was followed by an impact analysis. Fifty-ﬁve international OSD experts rated the impact and the inﬂuence of the activity
ﬁelds for the prevention of OSD with a standardized questionnaire.
Results Activity ﬁelds identiﬁed to have a high impact in OSD prevention are the political system, mass media and
industry. The political system has a strong but more indirect effect on the general population via the educational system,
local public health services or the industry. The educational system, mass media, industry and local public health ser-
vices have a strong direct impact on the OSD ‘at risk’ worker. Finally, a hands-on tool for future OSD prevention projects
has been developed that addresses knowledge dissemination and different stakeholder needs.
Conclusion Systematic knowledge dissemination is important to make OSD prevention more effective and to close
the gap between research and practice. This study provides guidance to identify stakeholders, strategies and dissemina-
tion channels for systematic knowledge dissemination which need to be adapted to country-speciﬁc structures, for
example the social security system and healthcare systems. A key for successful knowledge dissemination is building
linkages among different stakeholders, building strategic partnerships and gaining their support right from the inception
phase of a project.
Received: 30 June 2017; Accepted: 25 September 2017
Conﬂict of interest disclosures
The declare that there is no conﬂict of interest regarding the subject of this paper.
The authors acknowledge and appreciate the support of the Horizon 2020 COST Action TD1206 ‘StanDerm’.
Producing research evidence alone does not directly result in the
provision of ideal health care. Consequently, there is a gap
between evidence and decision-making at all levels of health care
involving different stakeholders, for instance, healthcare profes-
sionals and policy-makers.
Thus, the progress in medical
research aimed at improving healthcare quality led to an increas-
ing need for knowledge dissemination in the last decades.
© 2017 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
2018, 32, 449–458