The Impact of School Transitions in Early Adolescence on the Self‐System and Perceived Social Context of Poor Urban Youth

The Impact of School Transitions in Early Adolescence on the Self‐System and Perceived Social... This study examined the effects of the normative school transition (n= 580) during early adolescence on the self‐system and perceived school and peer social contexts of poor, black (n= 161), white (n= 146), and Latino (n= 273) youth in the public school systems of 3 eastern urban cities. The results revealed negative effects of the school transition on the affective and behavioral domains of the self‐system. These declines in self‐esteem, class preparation, and grade‐point average (GPA) were common across race/ethnicity and gender. Concurrently, the school transition was perceived to be associated with changes in the school and peer contexts. Daily hassles with the school increased, while social support and extracurricular involvement decreased over the transition. Daily hassles with peers decreased, and peer values were perceived as more antisocial. These changes in the school and peer microsystems were also common across race/ethnicity and gender. In addition, transition‐associated school and peer changes and, in particular, changes in daily hassles with the school were associated with changes in the academic dimensions of the self‐system, that is, academic efficacy expectations, class preparation, and GPA. The results are discussed within a developmental mismatch framework. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Child Development Wiley

The Impact of School Transitions in Early Adolescence on the Self‐System and Perceived Social Context of Poor Urban Youth

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/the-impact-of-school-transitions-in-early-adolescence-on-the-self-fum8vdHevo
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0009-3920
eISSN
1467-8624
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1467-8624.1994.tb00766.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examined the effects of the normative school transition (n= 580) during early adolescence on the self‐system and perceived school and peer social contexts of poor, black (n= 161), white (n= 146), and Latino (n= 273) youth in the public school systems of 3 eastern urban cities. The results revealed negative effects of the school transition on the affective and behavioral domains of the self‐system. These declines in self‐esteem, class preparation, and grade‐point average (GPA) were common across race/ethnicity and gender. Concurrently, the school transition was perceived to be associated with changes in the school and peer contexts. Daily hassles with the school increased, while social support and extracurricular involvement decreased over the transition. Daily hassles with peers decreased, and peer values were perceived as more antisocial. These changes in the school and peer microsystems were also common across race/ethnicity and gender. In addition, transition‐associated school and peer changes and, in particular, changes in daily hassles with the school were associated with changes in the academic dimensions of the self‐system, that is, academic efficacy expectations, class preparation, and GPA. The results are discussed within a developmental mismatch framework.

Journal

Child DevelopmentWiley

Published: Apr 1, 1994

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off