The immunity‐related GTPase Irgm3 relieves endoplasmic reticulum stress response during coxsackievirus B3 infection via a PI3K/Akt dependent pathway

The immunity‐related GTPase Irgm3 relieves endoplasmic reticulum stress response during... Summary The IRG protein Irgm3 preserves cell survival during coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection. However, the molecular mechanisms are not clear. Here, we examined the effect of Irgm3 expression on ER stress triggered by pharmacological agents or CVB3 infection. In Tet‐On/Irgm3 HeLa cells, Irgm3 expression suppressed either chemical‐ or CVB3‐induced upregulation of glucose‐regulated protein 78. Further, Irgm3 strongly inhibited the activation of both the PERK and ATF6 pathways of ER stress responses, which further led to the diminished phosphorylation of eIF2α, reduced cleavage/activation of transcription factor SREBP1 and attenuated induction of proapoptotic genes CHOP and GADD34. These data were further supported by experiments using Irgm3 knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts, in which the ER stress induced by CVB3 was not relieved due to the lack of Irgm3 expression. In addition, the tunicamycin‐triggered ER stress promoted the subsequent CVB3 infection. The effect of Irgm3 on ER stress and CVB3 infection was diminished by the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, while inhibitors of ERK, JNK and p38 had no effect. These data were further corroborated by transfection of cells with a dominant negative Akt. Taken together, these data suggest that Irgm3 relieves the ER stress response via a PI3K/Akt dependent mechanism, which contributes to host defence against CVB3 infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cellular Microbiology Wiley

The immunity‐related GTPase Irgm3 relieves endoplasmic reticulum stress response during coxsackievirus B3 infection via a PI3K/Akt dependent pathway

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN
1462-5814
eISSN
1462-5822
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1462-5822.2011.01708.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Summary The IRG protein Irgm3 preserves cell survival during coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection. However, the molecular mechanisms are not clear. Here, we examined the effect of Irgm3 expression on ER stress triggered by pharmacological agents or CVB3 infection. In Tet‐On/Irgm3 HeLa cells, Irgm3 expression suppressed either chemical‐ or CVB3‐induced upregulation of glucose‐regulated protein 78. Further, Irgm3 strongly inhibited the activation of both the PERK and ATF6 pathways of ER stress responses, which further led to the diminished phosphorylation of eIF2α, reduced cleavage/activation of transcription factor SREBP1 and attenuated induction of proapoptotic genes CHOP and GADD34. These data were further supported by experiments using Irgm3 knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts, in which the ER stress induced by CVB3 was not relieved due to the lack of Irgm3 expression. In addition, the tunicamycin‐triggered ER stress promoted the subsequent CVB3 infection. The effect of Irgm3 on ER stress and CVB3 infection was diminished by the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, while inhibitors of ERK, JNK and p38 had no effect. These data were further corroborated by transfection of cells with a dominant negative Akt. Taken together, these data suggest that Irgm3 relieves the ER stress response via a PI3K/Akt dependent mechanism, which contributes to host defence against CVB3 infection.

Journal

Cellular MicrobiologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2012

References

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    Braakman, Braakman; van Anken, van Anken
  • Coxsackievirus protein 2B modifies endoplasmic reticulum membrane and plasma membrane permeability and facilitates virus release
    van Kuppeveld, van Kuppeveld; Hoenderop, Hoenderop; Smeets, Smeets; Willems, Willems; Dijkman, Dijkman; Galama, Galama; Melchers, Melchers
  • Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) activates ATF6 and IRE1‐XBP1 pathways of unfolded protein response
    Li, Li; Gao, Gao; Ye, Ye; Han, Han; Wang, Wang; Kong, Kong
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress in disease pathogenesis
    Lin, Lin; Walter, Walter; Yen, Yen
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling in disease
    Marciniak, Marciniak; Ron, Ron
  • TRB3, a novel ER stress‐inducible gene, is induced via ATF4‐CHOP pathway and is involved in cell death
    Ohoka, Ohoka; Yoshii, Yoshii; Hattori, Hattori; Onozaki, Onozaki; Hayashi, Hayashi
  • Cellular responses to endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis
    Rasheva, Rasheva; Domingos, Domingos
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    Yoshida, Yoshida
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