The ice cover in the Greenland and Norwegian seas

The ice cover in the Greenland and Norwegian seas The seasonal sea ice cover of the northern North Atlantic is reviewed, comprising the ice of the East Greenland Current, the ice cover around Svalbard, and the ice of the Barents Sea as far east as Franz Josef Land. The review considers various types of ice cover: (1) the fast ice along the coasts and in fjords, including ‘sikussak,’ or very old fast ice of exceptional thickness, (2) the transition zone between the fast ice and the main pack, including the positions and causes of recurring winter polynyas and the nature of the shear zone in NE Greenland, (3) the constitution, dynamics, and seasonal extent of the drifting pack ice, including interannual variations, (4) the processes of air‐ice‐ocean interaction which occur in the marginal ice zone, where the pack ice is influenced by an open ocean boundary. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reviews of Geophysics Wiley

The ice cover in the Greenland and Norwegian seas

Reviews of Geophysics, Volume 19 (3) – Aug 1, 1981

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1981 by the American Geophysical Union.
ISSN
8755-1209
eISSN
1944-9208
DOI
10.1029/RG019i003p00345
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The seasonal sea ice cover of the northern North Atlantic is reviewed, comprising the ice of the East Greenland Current, the ice cover around Svalbard, and the ice of the Barents Sea as far east as Franz Josef Land. The review considers various types of ice cover: (1) the fast ice along the coasts and in fjords, including ‘sikussak,’ or very old fast ice of exceptional thickness, (2) the transition zone between the fast ice and the main pack, including the positions and causes of recurring winter polynyas and the nature of the shear zone in NE Greenland, (3) the constitution, dynamics, and seasonal extent of the drifting pack ice, including interannual variations, (4) the processes of air‐ice‐ocean interaction which occur in the marginal ice zone, where the pack ice is influenced by an open ocean boundary.

Journal

Reviews of GeophysicsWiley

Published: Aug 1, 1981

References

  • Frazil ice in rivers and oceans
    Martin, Martin

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