The endogenous lipid anandamide is a full agonist at the human vanilloid receptor (hVR1)

The endogenous lipid anandamide is a full agonist at the human vanilloid receptor (hVR1) The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide was identified as an agonist for the recombinant human VR1 (hVR1) by screening a large array of bioactive substances using a FLIPR‐based calcium assay. Further electrophysiological studies showed that anandamide (10 or 100 μM) and capsaicin (1 μM) produced similar inward currents in hVR1 transfected, but not in parental, HEK293 cells. These currents were abolished by capsazepine (1 μM). In the FLIPR anandamide and capsaicin were full agonists at hVR1, with pEC50 values of 5.94±0.06 (n=5) and 7.13±0.11 (n=8) respectively. The response to anandamide was inhibited by capsazepine (pKB of 7.40±0.02, n=6), but not by the cannabinoid receptor antagonists AM630 or AM281. Furthermore, pretreatment with capsaicin desensitized the anandamide‐induced calcium response and vice versa. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated for the first time that anandamide acts as a full agonist at the human VR1. British Journal of Pharmacology (2000) 129, 227–230; doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0703050 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png British Journal of Pharmacology Wiley

The endogenous lipid anandamide is a full agonist at the human vanilloid receptor (hVR1)

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
2000 British Pharmacological Society
ISSN
0007-1188
eISSN
1476-5381
DOI
10.1038/sj.bjp.0703050
pmid
10694225
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide was identified as an agonist for the recombinant human VR1 (hVR1) by screening a large array of bioactive substances using a FLIPR‐based calcium assay. Further electrophysiological studies showed that anandamide (10 or 100 μM) and capsaicin (1 μM) produced similar inward currents in hVR1 transfected, but not in parental, HEK293 cells. These currents were abolished by capsazepine (1 μM). In the FLIPR anandamide and capsaicin were full agonists at hVR1, with pEC50 values of 5.94±0.06 (n=5) and 7.13±0.11 (n=8) respectively. The response to anandamide was inhibited by capsazepine (pKB of 7.40±0.02, n=6), but not by the cannabinoid receptor antagonists AM630 or AM281. Furthermore, pretreatment with capsaicin desensitized the anandamide‐induced calcium response and vice versa. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated for the first time that anandamide acts as a full agonist at the human VR1. British Journal of Pharmacology (2000) 129, 227–230; doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0703050

Journal

British Journal of PharmacologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2000

References

  • Anandamide transport inhibition by the vanilloid agonist olvanil
    BELTRAMO, BELTRAMO; PIOMELLI, PIOMELLI
  • The actions of some cannabinoid receptor ligands in the rat isolated mesenteric artery
    WHITE, WHITE; HILEY, HILEY

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