The efficacy of supplementary sonic irrigation using the EndoActivator® system determined by removal of a collagen film from an ex vivo model

The efficacy of supplementary sonic irrigation using the EndoActivator® system determined by... IntroductionRemoval of the bacterial biofilm from an infected canal surface is one of the most important roles of root canal irrigation (Gulabivala et al. ). It has been accepted that irrigation using a syringe and needle can only deliver the irrigant to approximately 1 to 1.5 mm beyond the needle opening (Boutsioukis et al. ). Both manual and automated agitation of the irrigant aids its apical penetration beyond the stagnation plane (Bronnec et al. , Gulabivala et al. ) and removal of surface‐adherent layers, be they smear layer (Caron et al. ), debris (Jiang et al. ) or stained collagen (Huang et al. , McGill et al. ), and the latter, closely representing microbial biofilms (Abbott et al. , Alarab Mohmmed et al. ).Manual dynamic agitation of irrigant can be achieved using a file (Bronnec et al. ) or a tapered gutta‐percha cone (Huang et al. ) but may be considered laborious and less effective than ultrasonic or sonic devices (Jiang et al. ). Endovac™ is another device aimed at active irrigation and shows promising debris removal (Nielsen & Baumgartner , Siu & Baumgartner ) although less so for additional antibacterial efficacy (Townsend & Maki , Miller & Baumgartner ). Ultrasonic irrigant agitation is effective (Lee et al. , Van der Sluis et al. , http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Endodontic Journal Wiley

The efficacy of supplementary sonic irrigation using the EndoActivator® system determined by removal of a collagen film from an ex vivo model

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 International Endodontic Journal. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
0143-2885
eISSN
1365-2591
D.O.I.
10.1111/iej.12870
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionRemoval of the bacterial biofilm from an infected canal surface is one of the most important roles of root canal irrigation (Gulabivala et al. ). It has been accepted that irrigation using a syringe and needle can only deliver the irrigant to approximately 1 to 1.5 mm beyond the needle opening (Boutsioukis et al. ). Both manual and automated agitation of the irrigant aids its apical penetration beyond the stagnation plane (Bronnec et al. , Gulabivala et al. ) and removal of surface‐adherent layers, be they smear layer (Caron et al. ), debris (Jiang et al. ) or stained collagen (Huang et al. , McGill et al. ), and the latter, closely representing microbial biofilms (Abbott et al. , Alarab Mohmmed et al. ).Manual dynamic agitation of irrigant can be achieved using a file (Bronnec et al. ) or a tapered gutta‐percha cone (Huang et al. ) but may be considered laborious and less effective than ultrasonic or sonic devices (Jiang et al. ). Endovac™ is another device aimed at active irrigation and shows promising debris removal (Nielsen & Baumgartner , Siu & Baumgartner ) although less so for additional antibacterial efficacy (Townsend & Maki , Miller & Baumgartner ). Ultrasonic irrigant agitation is effective (Lee et al. , Van der Sluis et al. ,

Journal

International Endodontic JournalWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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