Non‐linear relationships between two variables are often detected as a result of a preliminary statistical test for linearity. Common approaches to dealing with non‐linearity are to (a) make a linearizing transformation in the independent variable or (b) fit a relationship that is non‐linear in the independent variable, such as including a quadratic term. With either approach, the resulting test for association between the two variables can have an inflated type I error. We consider testing the significance of the quadratic term in a quadratic model as a preliminary test for non‐linearity. Using simulation experiments and asymptotic arguments, we quantify the type I error inflation and suggest simple modifications of standard practice to protect the size of the type I error. In the case of quadratic regression, the type I error will be increased by roughly 50 per cent. The simple strategy of appropriately correcting the α‐level is shown to have minimal loss of power if the relationship is truly linear. In the case of a linearizing transformation, the impact on the type I error will depend on the values of the independent variable and on the set of potential linearizing transformations considered. Simulation results suggest that a procedure which adjusts the test statistic according to the results of the preliminary test may offer adequate protection.
Statistics in Medicine – Wiley
Published: May 1, 1991
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera