The Dollar Criterion—Applying the Cost Accounting Concept to Criterion Construction

The Dollar Criterion—Applying the Cost Accounting Concept to Criterion Construction SUMMARY RATIONALE for the construction of an overall measure of worker effectiveness is proposed and discussed in the light of some of the major problems of criterion construction. As a result of the proposed approach, the criterion evaluations for the validation study may be selected with assurance that variables rejected have minimal effect on the efficiency of operation of the organization and that those retained provide an accurate estimate of the effect of the individual worker on efficiency of operation of the organization. The rationale proposed involves converting production units, errors, time of other personnel consumed, etc., into dollar units. In so doing we give direct face validity to the individual criterion scales; that is, we show that each scale is directly oriented toward the objective of the organization and insure that validation analysis can be interpreted as estimates of the degree to which predictors contribute to this objective. Both authors are members of the sta$ of the Personnel Research Section of the Adjutant General’s Ofice. Dr. Brogden has been a psychologist in the Personnel Research Section since 1948. H e received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in 1939 and was an instructor at Ohio State http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Personnel Psychology Wiley

The Dollar Criterion—Applying the Cost Accounting Concept to Criterion Construction

Personnel Psychology, Volume 3 (2) – Jun 1, 1950

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1950 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0031-5826
eISSN
1744-6570
DOI
10.1111/j.1744-6570.1950.tb01691.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

SUMMARY RATIONALE for the construction of an overall measure of worker effectiveness is proposed and discussed in the light of some of the major problems of criterion construction. As a result of the proposed approach, the criterion evaluations for the validation study may be selected with assurance that variables rejected have minimal effect on the efficiency of operation of the organization and that those retained provide an accurate estimate of the effect of the individual worker on efficiency of operation of the organization. The rationale proposed involves converting production units, errors, time of other personnel consumed, etc., into dollar units. In so doing we give direct face validity to the individual criterion scales; that is, we show that each scale is directly oriented toward the objective of the organization and insure that validation analysis can be interpreted as estimates of the degree to which predictors contribute to this objective. Both authors are members of the sta$ of the Personnel Research Section of the Adjutant General’s Ofice. Dr. Brogden has been a psychologist in the Personnel Research Section since 1948. H e received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in 1939 and was an instructor at Ohio State

Journal

Personnel PsychologyWiley

Published: Jun 1, 1950

References

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