The atrial appendage as a suitable source to generate cardiac‐derived adherent proliferating cells for regenerative cell‐based therapies

The atrial appendage as a suitable source to generate cardiac‐derived adherent proliferating... Cardiac‐derived adherent proliferating (CardAP) cells obtained from endomyocardial biopsies (EMBs) with known anti‐fibrotic and pro‐angiogenic properties are good candidates for the autologous therapy of end‐stage cardiac diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy. However, due to the limited number of CardAP cells that can be obtained from EMBs, our aim is to isolate cells with similar properties from other regions of the heart with comparable tissue architecture. Here, we introduce the atrial appendage as a candidate region. Atrial appendage‐derived cells were sorted with CD90 microbeads to obtain a CD90low cell population, which were subsequently analysed for their surface marker and gene expression profiles via flow cytometry and micro array analysis. Enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assays for vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐8 as well as tube formation assays were performed to investigate pro‐angiogenic properties. Furthermore, growth kinetic assays were performed to estimate the cell numbers needed for cell‐based products. Microarray analysis revealed the expression of numerous pro‐angiogenic genes and strong similarities to CardAP cells with which they also share expression levels of defined surface antigens, that is, CD29+, CD44+, CD45−, CD73+, CD90low, CD105+, and CD166+. High secretion levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐8 as well as improved properties of vascular structures in vitro could be detected. Based on growth parameters, cell dosages for the treatment of more than 250 patients are possible using one appendage. These results lead to the conclusion that isolating cells with regenerative characteristics from atrial appendages is feasible and permits further investigations towards allogenic cell‐based therapies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Wiley

The atrial appendage as a suitable source to generate cardiac‐derived adherent proliferating cells for regenerative cell‐based therapies

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/the-atrial-appendage-as-a-suitable-source-to-generate-cardiac-derived-rs8qV4gkWh
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
1932-6254
eISSN
1932-7005
D.O.I.
10.1002/term.2528
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cardiac‐derived adherent proliferating (CardAP) cells obtained from endomyocardial biopsies (EMBs) with known anti‐fibrotic and pro‐angiogenic properties are good candidates for the autologous therapy of end‐stage cardiac diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy. However, due to the limited number of CardAP cells that can be obtained from EMBs, our aim is to isolate cells with similar properties from other regions of the heart with comparable tissue architecture. Here, we introduce the atrial appendage as a candidate region. Atrial appendage‐derived cells were sorted with CD90 microbeads to obtain a CD90low cell population, which were subsequently analysed for their surface marker and gene expression profiles via flow cytometry and micro array analysis. Enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assays for vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐8 as well as tube formation assays were performed to investigate pro‐angiogenic properties. Furthermore, growth kinetic assays were performed to estimate the cell numbers needed for cell‐based products. Microarray analysis revealed the expression of numerous pro‐angiogenic genes and strong similarities to CardAP cells with which they also share expression levels of defined surface antigens, that is, CD29+, CD44+, CD45−, CD73+, CD90low, CD105+, and CD166+. High secretion levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐8 as well as improved properties of vascular structures in vitro could be detected. Based on growth parameters, cell dosages for the treatment of more than 250 patients are possible using one appendage. These results lead to the conclusion that isolating cells with regenerative characteristics from atrial appendages is feasible and permits further investigations towards allogenic cell‐based therapies.

Journal

Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial