TEST BIAS: PREDICTION OF GRADES OF NEGRO AND WHITE STUDENTS IN INTEGRATED COLLEGES

TEST BIAS: PREDICTION OF GRADES OF NEGRO AND WHITE STUDENTS IN INTEGRATED COLLEGES J O U R N A L OF EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT VOL. 5, NO. 2 studied a group of students who had applied for aid from the National Scholarship Service and Fund for Negro Students in order to enter interracial colleges in the years 1952 to 1956. Clark and Plotkin suggest that perhaps the SAT is not a valid predictor of academic success for Negroes in integrated colleges: they state (p. 21 ) that the academic performance of the students they studied was far beyond the level that would be indicated by such predictive indices as College Board scores (e.g., the SAT). If it is true that performance of Negro students is higher than expected from scores on widely-used admissions tests, then capable Negro students are being denied admission to college. PURPOSE An important aspect of bias is that concerned with the predictive validity of the test. If the regression of the criterion on the test is the same for different groups, the test cannot be said to be biased in terms of its predictive validity. If the intercepts of the regression lines are different, consistent nonzero errors of prediction will be made within each group. The purpose of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Educational Measurement Wiley

TEST BIAS: PREDICTION OF GRADES OF NEGRO AND WHITE STUDENTS IN INTEGRATED COLLEGES

Journal of Educational Measurement, Volume 5 (2) – Jun 1, 1968

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1968 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0022-0655
eISSN
1745-3984
DOI
10.1111/j.1745-3984.1968.tb00613.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

J O U R N A L OF EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT VOL. 5, NO. 2 studied a group of students who had applied for aid from the National Scholarship Service and Fund for Negro Students in order to enter interracial colleges in the years 1952 to 1956. Clark and Plotkin suggest that perhaps the SAT is not a valid predictor of academic success for Negroes in integrated colleges: they state (p. 21 ) that the academic performance of the students they studied was far beyond the level that would be indicated by such predictive indices as College Board scores (e.g., the SAT). If it is true that performance of Negro students is higher than expected from scores on widely-used admissions tests, then capable Negro students are being denied admission to college. PURPOSE An important aspect of bias is that concerned with the predictive validity of the test. If the regression of the criterion on the test is the same for different groups, the test cannot be said to be biased in terms of its predictive validity. If the intercepts of the regression lines are different, consistent nonzero errors of prediction will be made within each group. The purpose of

Journal

Journal of Educational MeasurementWiley

Published: Jun 1, 1968

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