Template‐free Fabrication of ZnS/TiO2 Photocatalyst with Macrochannels

Template‐free Fabrication of ZnS/TiO2 Photocatalyst with Macrochannels Constructing a porous structure in photocatalysts is an effective strategy for improving the photocatalytic activity because of its enhanced molecule transfer capability and light capturing efficiency. In this work, a hierarchical macro‐/mesoporous ZnS/TiO2 composite with macrochannels was successfully synthesized without using templates by the simple dropwise addition of an ethanol solution of tetrabutyl titanate and zinc acetate into a sodium sulfide aqueous solution, which was then calcined at 450°C. Compared with pure TiO2, the ordered porous ZnS/TiO2 composite exhibited an enhanced photocatalytic activity on methylene blue removal under UV‐light irradiation. The results indicate that the macro‐/mesoporous structure, the large specific surface area, and the heterostructure combination between ZnS and TiO2 play a synergistic effect on the enhanced photocatalytic activity via improving the light absorption and the diffusion of organic molecules, providing more reactive sites for the photocatalytic reaction and improving the separation of photogenerated electron–hole pairs, respectively. Radical trapping experiments demonstrated that holes (h+) and superoxide anion radicals (O2−) play an important role in the photocatalytic oxidation process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society Wiley

Template‐free Fabrication of ZnS/TiO2 Photocatalyst with Macrochannels

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 The Chemical Society Located in Taipei & Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
0009-4536
eISSN
2192-6549
D.O.I.
10.1002/jccs.201700262
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Constructing a porous structure in photocatalysts is an effective strategy for improving the photocatalytic activity because of its enhanced molecule transfer capability and light capturing efficiency. In this work, a hierarchical macro‐/mesoporous ZnS/TiO2 composite with macrochannels was successfully synthesized without using templates by the simple dropwise addition of an ethanol solution of tetrabutyl titanate and zinc acetate into a sodium sulfide aqueous solution, which was then calcined at 450°C. Compared with pure TiO2, the ordered porous ZnS/TiO2 composite exhibited an enhanced photocatalytic activity on methylene blue removal under UV‐light irradiation. The results indicate that the macro‐/mesoporous structure, the large specific surface area, and the heterostructure combination between ZnS and TiO2 play a synergistic effect on the enhanced photocatalytic activity via improving the light absorption and the diffusion of organic molecules, providing more reactive sites for the photocatalytic reaction and improving the separation of photogenerated electron–hole pairs, respectively. Radical trapping experiments demonstrated that holes (h+) and superoxide anion radicals (O2−) play an important role in the photocatalytic oxidation process.

Journal

Journal of the Chinese Chemical SocietyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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