Novel 4‐amino‐7‐chloroquinoline‐based 1,2,3‐triazole hybrids were synthesised in good yields by CuI‐catalysed Huisgen 1,3‐dipolar cycloaddition reactions of 2‐azido‐N‐(7‐chloroquinolin‐4‐ylaminoalkyl)acetamides with various terminal alkynes. These new hybrids were screened in vitro against asexual blood stages of the chloroquine‐sensitive 3D7 strain of P. falciparum. The most active compounds were further screened against asexual and sexual stages (gametocytes) of the chloroquine‐resistant RKL‐9 strain of P. falciparum. Although all compounds were less potent than chloroquine against the 3D7 strain, the three best compounds were appreciably more active than chloroquine against the RKL‐9 strain, displaying IC50 values of <100 nm, with one of them having an IC50 of 2.94 nm. Further, the lead compounds were gametocytocidal with IC50 values in the micromolar range, and were observed to induce morphological deformations in mature gametocytes. Most compounds demonstrated little or no cytotoxicity and exhibited good selectivity indices. The most active compounds represent promising candidates for further evaluation of their schizonticidal and gametocytocidal potential.
ChemMedChem – Wiley
Published: Jul 19, 2020
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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