Calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity, especially for the widely used tacrolimus, has become a major concern in post‐transplant immunosuppression. Multiparametric amino acid metabolomics is useful for biomarker identification of tacrolimus nephrotoxicity, for which specific quantitative methods are highlighted as a premise. This article presents a targeted metabolomic assay to quantify 33 amino acids and biogenic amines in human urine by high‐performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Chromatographic separation was carried out on an Agilent Zorbax SB‐C18 column (3.0 × 150 mm, 5 μm) with addition of an ion‐pairing agent in the mobile phase, and MS/MS detection was achieved in both the positive and negative multiple reaction monitoring modes. Good correlation coefficients (r2 > 0.98) were obtained for most analytes. Intra‐ and inter‐day precision, stability, carryover and incurred sample reanalysis met with the acceptance criteria of the guidance of the US Food and Drug Administration. Analysis on urine from healthy volunteers and renal transplantation patients with tacrolimus nephrotoxicity confirmed symmetric dimethylarginine and serine as biomarkers for kidney injury, with AUC values of 0.95 and 0.81 in receiver operating characteristic analysis, respectively. Additionally, symmetric dimethylarginine exhibited a tight correlation with serum creatinine, and was therefore indicative of renal function. The targeted metabolomic assay was time and cost prohibitive for amino acid analysis in human urine, facilitating the biomarker identification of tacrolimus nephrotoxicity.
Biomedical Chromatography – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud