T‐cell Immunoglobulin and ITIM Domain Contributes to CD8+ T‐cell Immunosenescence

T‐cell Immunoglobulin and ITIM Domain Contributes to CD8+ T‐cell Immunosenescence Aging is associated with immune dysfunction, especially T‐cell defects, which result in increased susceptibility to various diseases. Previous studies showed that T cells from aged mice express multiple inhibitory receptors, providing evidence of the relationship between T‐cell exhaustion and T‐cell senescence. In this study, we showed that T‐cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine‐based inhibitory motif (ITIM) domain (TIGIT), a novel co‐inhibitory receptor, was upregulated in CD8+ T cells of elderly adults. Aged TIGIT+ CD8+ T cells expressed high levels of other inhibitory receptors including PD‐1 and exhibited features of exhaustion such as downregulation of the key costimulatory receptor CD28, representative intrinsic transcriptional regulation, low production of cytokines, and high susceptibility to apoptosis. Importantly, their functional defects associated with aging were reversed by TIGIT knockdown. CD226 downregulation on aged TIGIT+ CD8+ T cells is likely involved in TIGIT‐mediated negative immune suppression. Collectively, our findings indicated that TIGIT acts as a critical immune regulator during aging, providing a strong rationale for targeting TIGIT to improve dysfunction related to immune system aging. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aging Cell Wiley

T‐cell Immunoglobulin and ITIM Domain Contributes to CD8+ T‐cell Immunosenescence

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/t-cell-immunoglobulin-and-itim-domain-contributes-to-cd8-t-cell-wB6rUdp0fT
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 The Anatomical Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
ISSN
1474-9718
eISSN
1474-9726
D.O.I.
10.1111/acel.12716
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aging is associated with immune dysfunction, especially T‐cell defects, which result in increased susceptibility to various diseases. Previous studies showed that T cells from aged mice express multiple inhibitory receptors, providing evidence of the relationship between T‐cell exhaustion and T‐cell senescence. In this study, we showed that T‐cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine‐based inhibitory motif (ITIM) domain (TIGIT), a novel co‐inhibitory receptor, was upregulated in CD8+ T cells of elderly adults. Aged TIGIT+ CD8+ T cells expressed high levels of other inhibitory receptors including PD‐1 and exhibited features of exhaustion such as downregulation of the key costimulatory receptor CD28, representative intrinsic transcriptional regulation, low production of cytokines, and high susceptibility to apoptosis. Importantly, their functional defects associated with aging were reversed by TIGIT knockdown. CD226 downregulation on aged TIGIT+ CD8+ T cells is likely involved in TIGIT‐mediated negative immune suppression. Collectively, our findings indicated that TIGIT acts as a critical immune regulator during aging, providing a strong rationale for targeting TIGIT to improve dysfunction related to immune system aging.

Journal

Aging CellWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off