Synergistic effect between aluminum hypophosphite and a new intumescent flame retardant system in poly(lactic acid)

Synergistic effect between aluminum hypophosphite and a new intumescent flame retardant system in... A hyperbranched charring agent (CT) was synthesized by triglycidyl isocyanurate and diethylenetriamine in water, and a new intumescent flame retardant (IFR) system was formed by ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and CT. The different formula and synergistic system between IFR and aluminum hypophosphite (AHP) have been studied through limit oxygen index (LOI), UL‐94, cone calorimetry test and TGA. It was found that the LOI for poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with 30 APP/CT (4:1) and 20 wt % IFR/AHP (3:1) were 41.2% and 43.5%, respectively, and the both could achieve UL‐94V‐0 rating with no melt dripping. The heat release rate (HRR), maximum HRR value and average mass loss rate of PLA could be dramatically decreased by combination of IFR and AHP while the thermal stability was greatly enhanced. The study of morphology and structure of char illustrated that more intumescent and compact char layer with good intensity was formed during the degradation of IFR/AHP, which resulting to better flame retardancy and anti‐dripping than IFR or AHP alone. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46359. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Applied Polymer Science Wiley

Synergistic effect between aluminum hypophosphite and a new intumescent flame retardant system in poly(lactic acid)

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0021-8995
eISSN
1097-4628
D.O.I.
10.1002/app.46359
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A hyperbranched charring agent (CT) was synthesized by triglycidyl isocyanurate and diethylenetriamine in water, and a new intumescent flame retardant (IFR) system was formed by ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and CT. The different formula and synergistic system between IFR and aluminum hypophosphite (AHP) have been studied through limit oxygen index (LOI), UL‐94, cone calorimetry test and TGA. It was found that the LOI for poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with 30 APP/CT (4:1) and 20 wt % IFR/AHP (3:1) were 41.2% and 43.5%, respectively, and the both could achieve UL‐94V‐0 rating with no melt dripping. The heat release rate (HRR), maximum HRR value and average mass loss rate of PLA could be dramatically decreased by combination of IFR and AHP while the thermal stability was greatly enhanced. The study of morphology and structure of char illustrated that more intumescent and compact char layer with good intensity was formed during the degradation of IFR/AHP, which resulting to better flame retardancy and anti‐dripping than IFR or AHP alone. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46359.

Journal

Journal of Applied Polymer ScienceWiley

Published: Jan 15, 2018

Keywords: ; ;

References

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