Supplementary choline attenuates olive oil lipid emulsion‐induced enterocyte apoptosis through suppression of CELF1/AIF pathway

Supplementary choline attenuates olive oil lipid emulsion‐induced enterocyte apoptosis through... Enterocyte apoptosis induced by lipid emulsions is a key cause of intestinal atrophy under total parenteral nutrition (TPN) support, and our previous work demonstrated that olive oil lipid emulsion (OOLE) could induce enterocyte apoptosis via CUGBP, Elav‐like family member 1 (CELF1)/ apoptosis‐inducing factor (AIF) pathway. As TPN‐associated complications are partially related to choline deficiency, we aimed to address whether choline supplementation could attenuate OOLE‐induced enterocyte apoptosis. Herein we present evidence that supplementary choline exhibits protective effect against OOLE‐induced enterocyte apoptosis both in vivo and in vitro. In a rat model of TPN, substantial reduction in apoptotic rate along with decreased expression of CELF1 was observed when supplementary choline was added to OOLE. In cultured Caco‐2 cells, supplementary choline attenuated OOLE‐induced apoptosis and mitochondria dysfunction by suppressing CELF1/AIF pathway. Compared to OOLE alone, the expression of CELF1 and AIF was significantly decreased by supplementary choline, whereas the expression of Bcl‐2 was evidently increased. No obvious alterations were observed in Bax expression and caspase‐3 activation. Mechanistically, supplementary choline repressed the expression of CELF1 by increasing the recruitment of CELF1 mRNA to processing bodies, thus resulting in suppression of its protein translation. Taken together, our data suggest that supplementary choline exhibits effective protection against OOLE‐induced enterocyte apoptosis, and thus, it has the potential to be used for the prevention and treatment of TPN‐induced intestinal atrophy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine Wiley

Supplementary choline attenuates olive oil lipid emulsion‐induced enterocyte apoptosis through suppression of CELF1/AIF pathway

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/supplementary-choline-attenuates-olive-oil-lipid-emulsion-induced-4rcRjRIVeM
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine
ISSN
1582-1838
eISSN
1582-4934
D.O.I.
10.1111/jcmm.13430
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Enterocyte apoptosis induced by lipid emulsions is a key cause of intestinal atrophy under total parenteral nutrition (TPN) support, and our previous work demonstrated that olive oil lipid emulsion (OOLE) could induce enterocyte apoptosis via CUGBP, Elav‐like family member 1 (CELF1)/ apoptosis‐inducing factor (AIF) pathway. As TPN‐associated complications are partially related to choline deficiency, we aimed to address whether choline supplementation could attenuate OOLE‐induced enterocyte apoptosis. Herein we present evidence that supplementary choline exhibits protective effect against OOLE‐induced enterocyte apoptosis both in vivo and in vitro. In a rat model of TPN, substantial reduction in apoptotic rate along with decreased expression of CELF1 was observed when supplementary choline was added to OOLE. In cultured Caco‐2 cells, supplementary choline attenuated OOLE‐induced apoptosis and mitochondria dysfunction by suppressing CELF1/AIF pathway. Compared to OOLE alone, the expression of CELF1 and AIF was significantly decreased by supplementary choline, whereas the expression of Bcl‐2 was evidently increased. No obvious alterations were observed in Bax expression and caspase‐3 activation. Mechanistically, supplementary choline repressed the expression of CELF1 by increasing the recruitment of CELF1 mRNA to processing bodies, thus resulting in suppression of its protein translation. Taken together, our data suggest that supplementary choline exhibits effective protection against OOLE‐induced enterocyte apoptosis, and thus, it has the potential to be used for the prevention and treatment of TPN‐induced intestinal atrophy.

Journal

Journal of Cellular and Molecular MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off