Subjective sleep quality, blood pressure, and hypertension: a meta‐analysis

Subjective sleep quality, blood pressure, and hypertension: a meta‐analysis Sleep quality is an important aspect of sleep, but no meta‐analysis has elucidated its relationship with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. A meta‐analysis was conducted in October 2016 using multiple databases, including Embase and Medline. Studies that assessed subjective sleep quality and BP or hypertension were included. Upon full‐text evaluation, 29 articles from 45 041 patients were selected, of which 22 articles were included in the meta‐analysis and seven were presented narratively. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with a greater likelihood of hypertension (odds ratio, 1.48; P value = .01). Poor sleepers had higher average systolic BP (mean difference = 4.37, P value = .09) and diastolic BP (mean difference = 1.25, P value = .32) than normal sleepers without statistical significance. Patients with hypertension had significantly worse sleep quality scores (mean difference = 1.51, P value < .01), while BP dippers had significantly better scores (mean difference = −1.67, P value < .01). The findings highlight the relationship between sleep quality and hypertension. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Hypertension Wiley

Subjective sleep quality, blood pressure, and hypertension: a meta‐analysis

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
1524-6175
eISSN
1751-7176
D.O.I.
10.1111/jch.13220
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sleep quality is an important aspect of sleep, but no meta‐analysis has elucidated its relationship with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. A meta‐analysis was conducted in October 2016 using multiple databases, including Embase and Medline. Studies that assessed subjective sleep quality and BP or hypertension were included. Upon full‐text evaluation, 29 articles from 45 041 patients were selected, of which 22 articles were included in the meta‐analysis and seven were presented narratively. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with a greater likelihood of hypertension (odds ratio, 1.48; P value = .01). Poor sleepers had higher average systolic BP (mean difference = 4.37, P value = .09) and diastolic BP (mean difference = 1.25, P value = .32) than normal sleepers without statistical significance. Patients with hypertension had significantly worse sleep quality scores (mean difference = 1.51, P value < .01), while BP dippers had significantly better scores (mean difference = −1.67, P value < .01). The findings highlight the relationship between sleep quality and hypertension.

Journal

Journal of Clinical HypertensionWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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