Studies on the inactivation of selected viral and bacterial fish pathogens at high pH for waste disposal purposes

Studies on the inactivation of selected viral and bacterial fish pathogens at high pH for waste... This study investigated the use of alkaline hydrolysis at ambient temperature for inactivation of selected fish pathogens in fish tissues under conditions approximating those that are likely to be found in the aquaculture industry. Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) and Lactococcus garvieae have been determined in a previous study to be the most resistant virus and bacteria to pH 12 from a wide range of viruses and bacteria tested. They were spiked at high titres into fish extracts that were then treated with 1 m sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Viable L. garvieae was not detected in the treated fish extract after 1 h, and ISAV was not detected after 24‐h exposure. Field mortalities of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., caused by infectious pancreatic necrosis virus were treated by alkaline hydrolysis at ambient temperature. The macerated fish mortalities contained a high titre of virus (3.38 × 108 TCID50 g−1) that was reduced to approximately 2.2 × 103 TCID50 g−1 after 24‐h exposure to NaOH, and virus was not detected after exposure for 48 h. The results suggest that alkaline hydrolysis at ambient temperature has potential as a biosecure treatment method for fish by‐products containing fish pathogens. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Fish Diseases Wiley

Studies on the inactivation of selected viral and bacterial fish pathogens at high pH for waste disposal purposes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/studies-on-the-inactivation-of-selected-viral-and-bacterial-fish-zXdFwE6WpB
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2011 Crown copyright
ISSN
0140-7775
eISSN
1365-2761
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1365-2761.2011.01316.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study investigated the use of alkaline hydrolysis at ambient temperature for inactivation of selected fish pathogens in fish tissues under conditions approximating those that are likely to be found in the aquaculture industry. Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) and Lactococcus garvieae have been determined in a previous study to be the most resistant virus and bacteria to pH 12 from a wide range of viruses and bacteria tested. They were spiked at high titres into fish extracts that were then treated with 1 m sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Viable L. garvieae was not detected in the treated fish extract after 1 h, and ISAV was not detected after 24‐h exposure. Field mortalities of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., caused by infectious pancreatic necrosis virus were treated by alkaline hydrolysis at ambient temperature. The macerated fish mortalities contained a high titre of virus (3.38 × 108 TCID50 g−1) that was reduced to approximately 2.2 × 103 TCID50 g−1 after 24‐h exposure to NaOH, and virus was not detected after exposure for 48 h. The results suggest that alkaline hydrolysis at ambient temperature has potential as a biosecure treatment method for fish by‐products containing fish pathogens.

Journal

Journal of Fish DiseasesWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off