Abstract— The distribution of argininosuccinate synthetase, argininosuccinase and arginase, and the synthesis of urea in cerebullum. cerebral cortex and brain stem have been studied. Cerebral cortex had high levels of argininosuccinate synthetase and argininosuccinase. and a high ability to synthesize urea from aspartic acid and citrulline. Of the three regions, cerebullum had the highest arginase activity. The activities of the enzymes transamidinase and ornithine aminotransferase in the metabolism of arginine and ornithine in pathways other than urea formation have been studied in the three regions of the rat brain. The activity of creatine phosphokinase in all regions was the same: carbamylphosphatase activity was highest in cerebullum. Cerebral cortex had a high activity of aspartic acid transcarba‐mylase. The brain stem, among the three regions, had the lowest activities of glutamine synthetase and glutaminase. The activities of these enzymes in the different regions are discussed in relation to urea production and the utilization of the urea cycle intermediates. Intraperitoneal injection of high amounts of citrulline brought about a rise in the glutamine synthetase activity of cerebellum and brain stem and a rise in ornithine aminotransferase in cerebral cortex and liver. These results are discussed in relation to the mechanism of action of citrulline in alleviating the toxicity in hyperammonaemic states.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1976
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