Thrombospondins (TSPs) are extracellular regulators of cell–matrix interactions and cell phenotype. The most highly conserved region of all TSPs are the calcium‐binding type 3 (T3) repeats and the C‐terminal globular domain (CTD). The crystal structure of a cell‐binding TSP‐1 fragment, spanning three T3 repeats and the CTD, reveals a compact assembly. The T3 repeats lack secondary structure and are organised around a core of calcium ions; two DxDxDGxxDxxD motifs per repeat each encapsulate two calcium ions in a novel arrangement. The CTD forms a lectin‐like β‐sandwich and contains four strictly conserved calcium‐binding sites. Disruption of the hairpin structure of T3 repeats 6 and 7 decreases protein secretion and stability. The availability for cell attachment of an RGD motif in T3 repeat 7 is modulated by calcium loading. The central architectural role of calcium explains how it is critical for the functions of the TSP C‐terminal region. Mutations in the T3 repeats of TSP‐5/COMP, which cause two human skeletal disorders, are predicted to disrupt the tertiary structure of the T3–CTD assembly.
The EMBO Journal – Wiley
Published: Dec 24, 2005
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera