Two newly‐designed hydrocarbon surfactants, that is, poly(vinyl acetate)‐block‐poly(1‐vinyl‐2‐pyrrolidone) (PVAc‐b‐PVP) and PVP‐b‐PVAc‐b‐PVP, were synthesized using reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer polymerization and used to form CO2/water (C/W) emulsions with high internal phase volume and good stability against flocculation and coalescence up to 60 h. Their structures were precisely determined by nuclear magnetic resonance, gel permeation chromatography, thermal gravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. Besides low temperature and high CO2 pressure, the surfactant structures were the key factors affecting the formation and stability of high internal phase C/W emulsions, including the polymerization degrees of CO2‐philic block (PVAc) and hydrophilic block (PVP), as well as the number of hydrophilic tail. The surface tension of the surfactant aqueous solution and the apparent viscosity of the C/W emulsions were also measured to characterize the surfactants efficiency and effectiveness. The surfactants with double hydrophilic tails showed stronger emulsifying ability than those with single hydrophilic tail. The great enhancement of the emulsions stability was due to decrease of the interface tension as well as increase of the steric hindrance in the water lamellae, preventing a frequent collision of CO2 droplets and their fast coalescence. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46351.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science – Wiley
Published: Jan 15, 2018
Keywords: ; ;
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