Stabilization of CO2‐in‐water emulsions with high internal phase volume using PVAc‐b‐PVP and PVP‐b‐PVAc‐b‐PVP as emulsifying agents

Stabilization of CO2‐in‐water emulsions with high internal phase volume using PVAc‐b‐PVP... Two newly‐designed hydrocarbon surfactants, that is, poly(vinyl acetate)‐block‐poly(1‐vinyl‐2‐pyrrolidone) (PVAc‐b‐PVP) and PVP‐b‐PVAc‐b‐PVP, were synthesized using reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer polymerization and used to form CO2/water (C/W) emulsions with high internal phase volume and good stability against flocculation and coalescence up to 60 h. Their structures were precisely determined by nuclear magnetic resonance, gel permeation chromatography, thermal gravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. Besides low temperature and high CO2 pressure, the surfactant structures were the key factors affecting the formation and stability of high internal phase C/W emulsions, including the polymerization degrees of CO2‐philic block (PVAc) and hydrophilic block (PVP), as well as the number of hydrophilic tail. The surface tension of the surfactant aqueous solution and the apparent viscosity of the C/W emulsions were also measured to characterize the surfactants efficiency and effectiveness. The surfactants with double hydrophilic tails showed stronger emulsifying ability than those with single hydrophilic tail. The great enhancement of the emulsions stability was due to decrease of the interface tension as well as increase of the steric hindrance in the water lamellae, preventing a frequent collision of CO2 droplets and their fast coalescence. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46351. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Applied Polymer Science Wiley

Stabilization of CO2‐in‐water emulsions with high internal phase volume using PVAc‐b‐PVP and PVP‐b‐PVAc‐b‐PVP as emulsifying agents

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/stabilization-of-co2-in-water-emulsions-with-high-internal-phase-xMeqfzqBrB
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0021-8995
eISSN
1097-4628
D.O.I.
10.1002/app.46351
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two newly‐designed hydrocarbon surfactants, that is, poly(vinyl acetate)‐block‐poly(1‐vinyl‐2‐pyrrolidone) (PVAc‐b‐PVP) and PVP‐b‐PVAc‐b‐PVP, were synthesized using reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer polymerization and used to form CO2/water (C/W) emulsions with high internal phase volume and good stability against flocculation and coalescence up to 60 h. Their structures were precisely determined by nuclear magnetic resonance, gel permeation chromatography, thermal gravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. Besides low temperature and high CO2 pressure, the surfactant structures were the key factors affecting the formation and stability of high internal phase C/W emulsions, including the polymerization degrees of CO2‐philic block (PVAc) and hydrophilic block (PVP), as well as the number of hydrophilic tail. The surface tension of the surfactant aqueous solution and the apparent viscosity of the C/W emulsions were also measured to characterize the surfactants efficiency and effectiveness. The surfactants with double hydrophilic tails showed stronger emulsifying ability than those with single hydrophilic tail. The great enhancement of the emulsions stability was due to decrease of the interface tension as well as increase of the steric hindrance in the water lamellae, preventing a frequent collision of CO2 droplets and their fast coalescence. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46351.

Journal

Journal of Applied Polymer ScienceWiley

Published: Jan 15, 2018

Keywords: ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off