Drainage basin evolution is modeled as the time development of an initial surface subject to conservation of sediment and water and a transport law qs = F(S, q) connecting the sediment flux qs with the local slope S and the discharge of surface water q. Two models are presented. The first is appropriate to a smooth surface on which no discrete channels have formed, and the second is appropriate to a family of V‐shaped valleys, each containing a separate stream of negligible width. For the first model, some solutions are presented that describe the evolution of a long ridge for which the profile is independent of one spatial coordinate. The stability of such surfaces is then discussed. It is shown that, if F/q < ∂F/∂q, disturbances of small amplitude and small lateral scale will grow rapidly and presumably will lead to the formation of closely spaced channels directed down the slope, whereas, if F/q ≥ ∂F/∂q, such channels will tend to disappear. For a surface eroding without change of shape, convex portions are stable, and concave segments are unstable. The second model is less well developed, since conservation principles alone are insufficient to determine its evolution without some additional postulate describing the sideways migration of individual streams. It is shown how, if each stream moves so that the sediment fluxes entering from its two side slopes remain equal, a system of similar parallel valleys is unstable, and neighbors will tend to coalesce on a time scale comparable to that for erosion through a layer as thick as a valley is deep.
Water Resources Research – Wiley
Published: Dec 1, 1972
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera