Sphingosine‐1‐phosphate (S1P) enhances glomerular endothelial cells activation mediated by anti‐myeloperoxidase antibody‐positive IgG

Sphingosine‐1‐phosphate (S1P) enhances glomerular endothelial cells activation mediated by... Cumulating evidences suggested an important role of sphingosine‐1‐phosphate (S1P) and its receptors in regulating endothelial barrier integrity. Our previous study revealed that the circulating S1P levels and renal expression of S1PRs correlated with disease activity and renal damage in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)‐associated vasculitis (AAV). This study investigated the role of S1P and its receptors in myeloperoxidase (MPO)‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐mediated glomerular endothelial cell (GEnC) activation. The effect of S1P on morphological alteration of GEnCs in the presence of MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG was observed. Permeability assay was performed to determine endothelial monolayer activation in quantity. Both membrane‐bound and soluble ICAM‐1 and VCAM‐1 levels were measured. Furthermore, antagonists and/or agonists of various S1PRs were employed to determine the role of different S1PRs. S1P enhanced MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐induced disruption of tight junction and disorganization of cytoskeleton in GEnCs. S1P induced further increase in monolayer permeability of GEnC monolayers in the presence of MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG. S1P enhanced MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐induced membrane‐bound and soluble ICAM‐1/VCAM‐1 up‐regulation of GEnCs. Soluble ICAM‐1 levels in the supernatants of GEnCs stimulated by S1P and MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG increased upon pre‐incubation of S1PR1 antagonist, while pre‐incubation of GEnCs with the S1PR1 agonist down‐regulated sICAM‐1 level. Blocking S1PR2‐4 reduced sICAM‐1 levels in the supernatants of GEnCs stimulated by S1P and MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG. Pre‐incubation with S1PR5 agonist could increase sICAM‐1 level in the supernatants of GEnC stimulated by S1P and MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG. S1P can enhance MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐mediated GEnC activation through S1PR2‐5. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine Wiley

Sphingosine‐1‐phosphate (S1P) enhances glomerular endothelial cells activation mediated by anti‐myeloperoxidase antibody‐positive IgG

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/sphingosine-1-phosphate-s1p-enhances-glomerular-endothelial-cells-WPrcdU2OND
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine
ISSN
1582-1838
eISSN
1582-4934
D.O.I.
10.1111/jcmm.13458
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cumulating evidences suggested an important role of sphingosine‐1‐phosphate (S1P) and its receptors in regulating endothelial barrier integrity. Our previous study revealed that the circulating S1P levels and renal expression of S1PRs correlated with disease activity and renal damage in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)‐associated vasculitis (AAV). This study investigated the role of S1P and its receptors in myeloperoxidase (MPO)‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐mediated glomerular endothelial cell (GEnC) activation. The effect of S1P on morphological alteration of GEnCs in the presence of MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG was observed. Permeability assay was performed to determine endothelial monolayer activation in quantity. Both membrane‐bound and soluble ICAM‐1 and VCAM‐1 levels were measured. Furthermore, antagonists and/or agonists of various S1PRs were employed to determine the role of different S1PRs. S1P enhanced MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐induced disruption of tight junction and disorganization of cytoskeleton in GEnCs. S1P induced further increase in monolayer permeability of GEnC monolayers in the presence of MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG. S1P enhanced MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐induced membrane‐bound and soluble ICAM‐1/VCAM‐1 up‐regulation of GEnCs. Soluble ICAM‐1 levels in the supernatants of GEnCs stimulated by S1P and MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG increased upon pre‐incubation of S1PR1 antagonist, while pre‐incubation of GEnCs with the S1PR1 agonist down‐regulated sICAM‐1 level. Blocking S1PR2‐4 reduced sICAM‐1 levels in the supernatants of GEnCs stimulated by S1P and MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG. Pre‐incubation with S1PR5 agonist could increase sICAM‐1 level in the supernatants of GEnC stimulated by S1P and MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG. S1P can enhance MPO‐ANCA‐positive IgG‐mediated GEnC activation through S1PR2‐5.

Journal

Journal of Cellular and Molecular MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off