Social Exclusion and Parental Incarceration Impacts on Adolescents' Networks and School Engagement

Social Exclusion and Parental Incarceration Impacts on Adolescents' Networks and School Engagement Although prior research links parental incarceration to deleterious outcomes for children during the life course, few studies have examined whether such incarceration affects the social exclusion of children during adolescence. Drawing on several lines of scholarship, the authors examined whether adolescents with incarcerated parents have fewer or lower quality relationships, participate in more antisocial peer networks, and feel less integrated or engaged in school. The study applies propensity score matching to survey and network data from a national sample of youth. Analyses indicated that children with incarcerated parents have more antisocial peers; the authors found limited evidence that parental incarceration adversely impacts peer networks and school integration domains. The results suggest that the impacts of parental incarceration on adolescents' social lives have less to do with isolation than with the types of peers adolescents befriend. Findings provide support for the idea that parental incarceration may adversely affect children's social exclusion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Marriage and Family Wiley

Social Exclusion and Parental Incarceration Impacts on Adolescents' Networks and School Engagement

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © National Council on Family Relations, 2018
ISSN
0022-2445
eISSN
1741-3737
D.O.I.
10.1111/jomf.12464
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Although prior research links parental incarceration to deleterious outcomes for children during the life course, few studies have examined whether such incarceration affects the social exclusion of children during adolescence. Drawing on several lines of scholarship, the authors examined whether adolescents with incarcerated parents have fewer or lower quality relationships, participate in more antisocial peer networks, and feel less integrated or engaged in school. The study applies propensity score matching to survey and network data from a national sample of youth. Analyses indicated that children with incarcerated parents have more antisocial peers; the authors found limited evidence that parental incarceration adversely impacts peer networks and school integration domains. The results suggest that the impacts of parental incarceration on adolescents' social lives have less to do with isolation than with the types of peers adolescents befriend. Findings provide support for the idea that parental incarceration may adversely affect children's social exclusion.

Journal

Journal of Marriage and FamilyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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