OAKES University of Bristol J. C. TURNER University of Bristol INTRODUCTION It now seems well-established that social categorization per se can cause intergroup discrimination (Brewer, 1979; Doise, 1978; Tajfel et al., I971 ; Turner, 1978, 1980). This independent variable is defined as the classification of individuals into distinct groups in isolation from other factors normally confounded with the awareness of ingroupoutgroup membership. The main finding is that categorized subjects favour ingroup over outgroup members in the allocation of monetary rewards or points and evaluative ratings. It is described as minimal intergroup discrimination m d the experimental procedures which produce it as the minimal group paradigm. Tajfel (1969) has hypothesized a cognitive process associated with categorizations such that differences between stimuli which fall into distinct classes tend to be exaggerated whereas those between stimuli in the same class tend to be minimized. Doise and Sinclair (1973) suggest that social categorization per se produces its effect by means of this categorization process. They argue that the independent variable causes the perceptuai accentuation of intra-group similarities and intergroup differences and that these cognitive differentiations between ingroup and outgroup members produce evaluative and behavioural differentiations. Tajfel (1972) and Turner (1975), however, suggest
European Journal of Social Psychology – Wiley
Published: Jul 1, 1980
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