IntroductionAutism spectrum disorder (or autism) is associated with a high prevalence of sleep and behavioral difficulties. Prior research indicates that 40–80% of individuals with autism experience problems with sleep [Allik, Larsson, & Smedje, ; Anders, Iosif, Schwichtenberg, Tang, & Goodlin‐Jones, ; Rzepecka, McKenzie, McClure, & Murphy, ] and 64–93% exhibit at least one challenging behavior (i.e., behaviors that are physically dangerous or impact learning; e.g., aggression, self‐injury, or tantrums) [Hattier, Matson, Belva, & Horovitz, ; Matson, Mahan, Hess, Fodstad, & Neal, ]. Although the association between sleep and behavior has been investigated in adults and individuals with high‐functioning autism [AlBacker & Bashir, ; Fadini et al., ; Goldman et al., ; Hirata et al., ; Hollaway, Aman, & Butter, ; Mayes & Calhoun, ; Mazurek & Sohl, ], these relationships are yet to be studied in individuals with low‐functioning autism (i.e., individuals with severe intellectual and social‐communication impairment) [Cohen, Conduit, Lockley, Rajaratnam, & Cornish, ]. Crucially, all previous research on the relationship between sleep and behavior (both in autism and other populations) has focused on the association between an individual's overall sleep quality and their overall incidence or severity of challenging behaviors. It therefore remains unclear whether these relationships
Autism Research – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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