A new estimation and control approach for the feedback control of an artificial pancreas to treat Type 1 diabetes mellitus is proposed. In particular, we present a new output‐feedback predictive control approach that simultaneously solves the state estimation and control objectives by means of a single min‐max optimization problem. This involves optimizing a cost function with both finite forward and backward horizons with respect to the unknown initial state, unmeasured disturbances and noise, and future control inputs and is similar to simultaneously solving a model predictive control (MPC) problem and a moving horizon estimation (MHE) problem. We incorporate a novel asymmetric output cost to penalize dangerous low blood glucose values more severely than less harmful high blood glucose values. We compare this combined MPC/MHE approach to a control strategy that uses state‐feedback MPC preceded by a Luenberger observer for state estimation. In‐silico results showcase several advantages of this new simultaneous MPC/MHE approach, including fewer hypoglycemic events without increasing the number of hyperglycemic events, faster insulin delivery in response to a meal consumption, and shorter insulin pump suspensions, resulting in smoother blood glucose trajectories.
Optimal Control Applications and Methods – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera