A selective and sensitive liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for investigating the pharmacokinetics of umbelliferone, apigenin, genkwanin and hydroxygenkwanin after oral administration of Daphne genkwa extract. Plasma samples were treated by protein precipitation with acetonitrile. Analytes were detected by triple‐quadrupole MS/MS with an ESI source in negative selection reaction monitoring mode. The transitions of m/z 161 → 133 for umbelliferone, m/z 269 → 117 for apigenin, m/z 283 → 268 for genkwanin and m/z 299 → 284 for hydroxygenkwanin were confirmed for quantification. Chromatographic separation was conducted using an Eclipse XDB‐C18 column, and the applied isocratic elution program allowed for simultaneous determination of the four analytes for a total run time of 2.5 min. The linearity was validated over the plasma concentration ranges of 1.421–1421 ng/mL for umbelliferone, 0.845–845 ng/mL for apigenin, 1.025–1025 ng/mL for genkwanin and 0.845–845 ng/mL for hydroxygenkwanin. The extraction recovery rate was >82.7% for each analyte. No apparent matrix effect was observed during the bioanalysis. After full validation, the proposed method was successfully applied to compare the pharmacokinetics of these analytes between normal and arthritic rats.
Biomedical Chromatography – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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