Visits by children to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are generally restricted in Japan due to concern about viral infections, which may cause serious consequences in hospitalized infants. In 2002, the proportion of NICU that allowed visits by parents and by patients' siblings was only 58.3% (67/115) and 2.6% (3/115) in Japan, respectively. In a recent 2012 survey, sibling visitation was allowed in 43.9% (47/107) of tertiary hospitals in Japan. Another survey in 2012 noted that 90.2% of parents were allowed to meet their infant without any restrictions; visits by siblings, in contrast, were restricted in 80.4% of NICU in Japan. The form of sibling visits varies widely, from viewing a patient through a window outside the NICU; visiting the patient in the palliative stage; and allowing only older siblings to enter the NICU; to allowing entry after screening for infection regardless of age.Nosocomial viral infections that are occasionally reported in the NICU are usually caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rotavirus, enterovirus, and human rhinovirus. Generally, sibling visits are not related to an increase in nosocomial viral infections in the NICU. One study in Boston, however, reported that nosocomial RSV infection increased due to visits by siblings
Pediatrics International – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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