Self‐reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study

Self‐reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk... IntroductionMarijuana is one of the 3 most used psychoactive substances in the United States (US), with nearly 38 million individuals 12 years of age and older using marijuana during the past year in 2016 . Whether the growing utilization of marijuana for medicinal use has an impact on the prevalence of recreational use and abuse/dependence is unclear . Acute cardiovascular health effects of marijuana use include increased heart rate , trigger for myocardial infarction , and acute respiratory conditions . Data on the chronic health effects associated with long‐term marijuana use yield mixed findings . It is unclear whether marijuana use is associated with the incidence of cancer or pulmonary disease and poorer pulmonary function , but data suggest no association of marijuana use with diabetes or mortality . Given the prevalence of marijuana use, mounting medicinal use, potential for respiratory harm, and the limited understanding of population‐level health effects, greater attention is warranted to the potential chronic health outcomes associated with this modifiable behavior.The primary active component in marijuana, delta‐9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is shown to activate cannabinoid receptors that are integral to regulating energy metabolism via appetite control, lipid metabolism, and energy expenditure . To date, studies assessing marijuana http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Addiction Wiley

Self‐reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 Society for the Study of Addiction
ISSN
0965-2140
eISSN
1360-0443
D.O.I.
10.1111/add.14097
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionMarijuana is one of the 3 most used psychoactive substances in the United States (US), with nearly 38 million individuals 12 years of age and older using marijuana during the past year in 2016 . Whether the growing utilization of marijuana for medicinal use has an impact on the prevalence of recreational use and abuse/dependence is unclear . Acute cardiovascular health effects of marijuana use include increased heart rate , trigger for myocardial infarction , and acute respiratory conditions . Data on the chronic health effects associated with long‐term marijuana use yield mixed findings . It is unclear whether marijuana use is associated with the incidence of cancer or pulmonary disease and poorer pulmonary function , but data suggest no association of marijuana use with diabetes or mortality . Given the prevalence of marijuana use, mounting medicinal use, potential for respiratory harm, and the limited understanding of population‐level health effects, greater attention is warranted to the potential chronic health outcomes associated with this modifiable behavior.The primary active component in marijuana, delta‐9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is shown to activate cannabinoid receptors that are integral to regulating energy metabolism via appetite control, lipid metabolism, and energy expenditure . To date, studies assessing marijuana

Journal

AddictionWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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