In cases of identity crowding, a subject consciously sees items in a figure, even though they are presented too closely together for her to shift attention to each item. Block (2012, 2013) uses such cases to challenge the view that attention is necessary for consciousness. I argue that in identity crowding cases, subjects really do attend to the items. Specifically, they attend to the figure as a global object that contains the individual items as parts. To support this view, I provide evidence that attention can be directed to a global object (as when we attend to the gist of a scene) or a local object (as when we focus in on some element of that scene). My response helps to defend the view that attention is necessary for conscious perception.
Thought: A Journal of Philosophy – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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