and other military equipment off the port of
Sfax. The vessel was ﬂying the Panamanian
ﬂag and was said to be Russian and bound for
Cameroon. Northwest and southwest Camer-
oon is home to an English-speaking minority
that accounts for about a ﬁfth of the popu-
lation. Many English-speakers there have
accused the francophone majority of discrim-
ination, fueling a separatist movement (see p.
21758). (© AFP 16/2 2018)
Zimbabwe: President Emerson Mnangagwa
has appointed Deputy Commissioner-General
Tandabantu Godwin Matanga as Commis-
sioner-General of the Zimbabwe Republic
Police (ZRP). Matanga is a veteran of the
liberation struggle and has been a member of
ZRP since 1982.
Meanwhile, ZRP has also reshufﬂed 16 senior
ofﬁcers with the rank of chief superintendent
and senior assistant commissioner as govern-
ment efforts at transforming the force gather
In addition, over 400 ZRP ofﬁcers from the
rank of assistant inspector and below have
been transferred, while others have been
suspended. (The Herald 13/2)
KENYA – CANADA
An opposition member is forced out of
the country in deﬁance of a High Court
An outspoken member of Kenya’s oppo-
sition accused of treason for taking part
in a mock swearing-in of opposition
leader Raila Odinga (see p. 21754) was
deported to Canada on February 6th.
Miguna Miguna, a member of the
National Super Alliance (NASA) coali-
tion, was forced onto an international
ﬂight on the night of the 6th.
“Miguna denounced his Kenyan citi-
zenship years back, acquired Canadian
citizenship and never bothered to
reclaim Kenyan citizenship in the
legally prescribed manner, neither did
he disclose that he had another coun-
try’s citizenship,” said Interior ministry
spokesman Mwenda Njoka in a tweet
on the 7th.
Holding dual citizenship is legal in Kenya,
and in August, Miguna ran for political
ofﬁce, with proof of Kenyan citizenship a
key criteria for all candidates.
On January 30th, Miguna played a
prominent role in Odinga’s mock inau-
guration and three days later was arrested
in a dawn raid on his Nairobi home.
Police and government ofﬁcials deﬁed
two court orders to produce Miguna
before a High Court judge, instead
taking him to a minor court in a small
town 80 km (50 miles) to the south.
There, Miguna refused to plea to charges
of treason and unlawful assembly.
High Court judge Luka Kimaru has
warned Kenya’s Inspector General of
Police and Director of Criminal Investi-
gations that they may be charged with
(© AFP 2/7 2018)
Miguna is free to return to Kenya after
the High Court quashed a government
decision to strip him of his citizenship,
The Standard newspaper reported on
In a hard-hitting judgement that sent a
warning to state ofﬁcials disobeying
court orders, Justice Luka Kimaru ruled
the decision to declare Miguna a non-
Kenyan citizen and his subsequent
deportation was null and void. The
judge ordered the government to restore
Miguna’s status as a Kenyan.
The government appeared unbowed and
immediately ﬁled a notice of appeal as it
seeks to ensure Miguna does not come
back to Kenya.
(The Standard 16/2)
RWANDA – ISRAEL
Concerns Over Deportations
Kigali insists it wants no part in the
Letters offering a plane ticket and $3,500
(€2,800) on February 4th reached the
ﬁrst of what Israeli newspaper Haaretz
said were between 15,000 to 20,000
African migrants. Israel’s immigration
authority said the notices were delivered
only to single men, mainly Eritreans and
Sudanese. They were told to leave by late
March or face jail and eventual expul-
The plan to send them to an unnamed
African country under a secret agree-
ment was announced on January 3rd by
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Neta-
nyahu. His government classes the asy-
lum seekers as economic migrants, using
the term “inﬁltrators.” Some have lived
in Israel for more than a decade.
Some Israeli airline pilots have report-
edly said they will not ﬂy forced depor-
tees. The UN refugee agency has called
on Israel’s cabinet to scrap the plan,
calling it incoherent and unsafe. Uganda
and Rwanda have denied making a deal
with Israel to accept deported migrants.
In January, Holocaust survivors in an
open letter urged Netanyahu to recon-
sider, and academics published a peti-
tion, saying the deportations would
damage Israel’s image as a refuge for
Many of the affected asylum seekers
have said they prefer Israeli imprison-
ment over returning to Africa.
Rwanda said on February 9th it had
turned away two opposition Israeli law-
makers who wanted to discuss the con-
troversial deportation plan.
The MPs said they had come to Rwanda
on a “fact-ﬁnding mission” to discuss
Israel government policy to expel
around 38,000 migrants who have
entered the country illegally.
However, Rwandan authorities refused
to meet the Israeli lawmakers.
“Rwanda cannot be a playground for
Egypt – US
US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson held
talks on February 12th in Cairo with
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Foreign
Minister Sameh Shoukry at the start of a
Middle East tour.
Tillerson’s visit comes as Sisi looks set to
be re-elected in March polls in which he
will face a single opponent. US Vice
President Mike Pence visited in January
to discuss security in the region and the
future of US aid to Egypt.
Tillerson did not respond to a question on
whether the US would freeze part of its
military aid to Egypt if the elections were
deemed not credible. Ahead of the trip, a
State Department ofﬁcial pointed to “con-
cerns about human rights and civil soci-
ety” as “a topic of continuing
conversation with the Egyptians.”
Right groups accuse the Egyptian govern-
ment of arbitrary arrests and enforced
disappearances of dissidents, which spiked
after the military overthrew Islamist pres-
ident Mohamed Mursi in 2013.
Tillerson said he also discussed with
Shoukry a joint commitment by the US
and Egypt to defeat the Islamic State
group (IS), adding that their joint efforts
are “steadfast.” (AFP 12/2 2018)
Egypt on February 1st welcomed a US
decision to designate Liwa al Thawra and
Harakat Sawa’d Misr (Hasm) as terrorist
groups, Foreign Ministry Spokesman
Ahmed Abu Zeid said.
In a press release, he added that the
decision is considered a positive step in
recognising the threats posed by the Mus-
lim Brotherhood and terrorist organisa-
tions afﬁliated to it on Egypt’s stability
and security. (MENA 1/2)
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
February 1st–28th 2018 Africa Research Bulletin – 21775