Rubisco specificity factor tends to be larger in plant species from drier habitats and in species with persistent leaves

Rubisco specificity factor tends to be larger in plant species from drier habitats and in species... ABSTRACT The specificity factor of Rubisco is a measure of the relative capacities of the enzyme to catalyse carboxylation and oxygenation of ribulose 1,5‐bisphosphate and hence to control the relative rates of photosynthetic carbon assimilation and photorespiration. Specificity factors of purified Rubisco from 24 species of C3 plants found in diverse habitats with a wide range of environmental growth limitations by both water availability and temperature in the Balearic Islands were measured at 25 °C. The results suggest that specificity factors are more dependent on environmental pressure than on phylogenetic factors. Irrespective of phylogenetic relationships, higher specificity factors were found in species characteristically growing in dryer environments and in species that are hemideciduous or evergreen. Effects of temperature on specificity factor of the purified enzyme from 14 species were consistent with the concept that higher specificity factors were associated with an increase in the activation energy for oxygenation compared to carboxylation of the 2,3‐enediolate of RuBP to the respective transition state intermediates. The results are discussed in terms of selection pressures leading to the differences in specificity factors and the value of the observations for identifying useful genetic manipulation to change Rubisco polypeptide subunits. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell & Environment Wiley

Rubisco specificity factor tends to be larger in plant species from drier habitats and in species with persistent leaves

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0140-7791
eISSN
1365-3040
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01300.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ABSTRACT The specificity factor of Rubisco is a measure of the relative capacities of the enzyme to catalyse carboxylation and oxygenation of ribulose 1,5‐bisphosphate and hence to control the relative rates of photosynthetic carbon assimilation and photorespiration. Specificity factors of purified Rubisco from 24 species of C3 plants found in diverse habitats with a wide range of environmental growth limitations by both water availability and temperature in the Balearic Islands were measured at 25 °C. The results suggest that specificity factors are more dependent on environmental pressure than on phylogenetic factors. Irrespective of phylogenetic relationships, higher specificity factors were found in species characteristically growing in dryer environments and in species that are hemideciduous or evergreen. Effects of temperature on specificity factor of the purified enzyme from 14 species were consistent with the concept that higher specificity factors were associated with an increase in the activation energy for oxygenation compared to carboxylation of the 2,3‐enediolate of RuBP to the respective transition state intermediates. The results are discussed in terms of selection pressures leading to the differences in specificity factors and the value of the observations for identifying useful genetic manipulation to change Rubisco polypeptide subunits.

Journal

Plant Cell & EnvironmentWiley

Published: May 1, 2005

References

  • Water sources and water‐use‐efficiency in Mediterranean coastal dune vegetation
    Alessio, Alessio; De Lillis, De Lillis; Brugnoli, Brugnoli; Lauteri, Lauteri
  • Improved temperature response functions for models of Rubisco‐limited photosynthesis
    Bernacchi, Bernacchi; Singsaas, Singsaas; Pimentel, Pimentel; Portis, Portis; Long, Long
  • Genetic dissection of rubisco structure and function
    Spreitzer, Spreitzer
  • Ribulose‐1,5‐bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase from thermophilic red algae with a strong specificity for CO 2 fixation
    Uemura, Uemura; Anwaruzzaman Miyachi, Anwaruzzaman Miyachi; Yokota, Yokota
  • Would transformation of C 3 crop plants with foreign Rubisco increase productivity? A computational analysis extrapolating from kinetic properties to canopy photosynthesis
    Zhu, Zhu; Portis, Portis; Long, Long

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