INTRODUCTIONWhy is one animal healthier than another? This is a deceptively simple question, which has implications for animal welfare. Many studies have focused on the connection between a single characteristic, such as dominance status (Sapolsky, ), and health. However, individual characteristics, including, not just social status, but personality traits and behavior, are interrelated (Konečná et al., ; Konečná, Weiss, Lhota, & Wallner, ; Murray, ; Pederson, King, & Landau, ; Weinstein & Capitanio, ). For example, adult Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) rated as higher in Confidence had higher rank (Konečná et al., ). Therefore, studies that focus on single individual characteristics cannot exclude the possibility that the associations that they identify are confounded by some other individual characteristic.In this study, we examined association between injuries and illnesses and individual differences in behavior, dominance status, and personality in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Previous studies identified associations between individual characteristics and health in multiple primate species. For example, play and grooming, which may be indicative of positive welfare (Oliveira, Rossi, Silva, Lau, & Barreto, ; Wittig et al., ), may be less common among injured or ill individuals than among healthy animals (Broom & Johnson, ). However, the relationship between primate
American Journal of Primatology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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