Molten salt reactor (MSR) as 1 candidate of the generation IV advanced nuclear power systems attracted more attention in China due to its top ranked in fuel cycle and thorium utilization. Two types of MSR concepts were studied and developed in parallel, namely the MSR with liquid fuel and that with solid fuel. Abundant fundamental research including the neutronics modeling, thermal‐hydraulics modeling, safety analysis, material investigation, molten salts technologies etc. were carried out. Some analysis software such as COUPLE and FANCY were developed. Several experimental facilities like high‐temperature fluoride salt experiment loop have been constructed. Some passive residual heat removal systems were designed, and 1 test facility is under construction. The key MSR techniques including the extraction and separation of molten salt and construction of N‐base alloy have been mastered. Based on these fundamental research, Chinese Academy of Sciences has completed the design of thorium‐based MSRs with solid fuel and liquid fuel and is promoting their construction in the near future. In China, future efforts should be paid to the material, online fuel processing, Th‐U fuel cycle, component design, and construction and thermal‐hydraulic experiments for MSR, which are rather challenging nowadays.
International Journal of Energy Research – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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