Review of conceptual design and fundamental research of molten salt reactors in China

Review of conceptual design and fundamental research of molten salt reactors in China Molten salt reactor (MSR) as 1 candidate of the generation IV advanced nuclear power systems attracted more attention in China due to its top ranked in fuel cycle and thorium utilization. Two types of MSR concepts were studied and developed in parallel, namely the MSR with liquid fuel and that with solid fuel. Abundant fundamental research including the neutronics modeling, thermal‐hydraulics modeling, safety analysis, material investigation, molten salts technologies etc. were carried out. Some analysis software such as COUPLE and FANCY were developed. Several experimental facilities like high‐temperature fluoride salt experiment loop have been constructed. Some passive residual heat removal systems were designed, and 1 test facility is under construction. The key MSR techniques including the extraction and separation of molten salt and construction of N‐base alloy have been mastered. Based on these fundamental research, Chinese Academy of Sciences has completed the design of thorium‐based MSRs with solid fuel and liquid fuel and is promoting their construction in the near future. In China, future efforts should be paid to the material, online fuel processing, Th‐U fuel cycle, component design, and construction and thermal‐hydraulic experiments for MSR, which are rather challenging nowadays. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Energy Research Wiley

Review of conceptual design and fundamental research of molten salt reactors in China

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
0363-907X
eISSN
1099-114X
D.O.I.
10.1002/er.3979
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Molten salt reactor (MSR) as 1 candidate of the generation IV advanced nuclear power systems attracted more attention in China due to its top ranked in fuel cycle and thorium utilization. Two types of MSR concepts were studied and developed in parallel, namely the MSR with liquid fuel and that with solid fuel. Abundant fundamental research including the neutronics modeling, thermal‐hydraulics modeling, safety analysis, material investigation, molten salts technologies etc. were carried out. Some analysis software such as COUPLE and FANCY were developed. Several experimental facilities like high‐temperature fluoride salt experiment loop have been constructed. Some passive residual heat removal systems were designed, and 1 test facility is under construction. The key MSR techniques including the extraction and separation of molten salt and construction of N‐base alloy have been mastered. Based on these fundamental research, Chinese Academy of Sciences has completed the design of thorium‐based MSRs with solid fuel and liquid fuel and is promoting their construction in the near future. In China, future efforts should be paid to the material, online fuel processing, Th‐U fuel cycle, component design, and construction and thermal‐hydraulic experiments for MSR, which are rather challenging nowadays.

Journal

International Journal of Energy ResearchWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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