Hydrophilic modification on the surface of polymer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) material is a key step for its application in biomaterial, bioengineering, and so on. In this article, a novel and effective method was proposed to reverse hydrophobic surface to hydrophilic by 1‐step hydrolysis of Si―O bond to produce hydrophilic hydroxyl group. The hydrophilizing reagent 2‐(trimethylsiloxy) ethyl methacrylate (TMSEMA) was used during the copolymerization of polydimethylsiloxane prepolymer (DMS U21). The prepared PDMS film was subjected to 1‐step surface hydrophilic reversal treatment using KOH solution to produce hydroxyl groups on the surface. The contact angle, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectra, and equilibrium water content (EWC) measurements were conducted on PDMS films. The results showed that TMSEMA content had no obvious impact on the contact angle and EWC value of untreated PDMS. After reversal treatment, the contact angle decreased from 94° to 15°, and the EWC value increases to 10% when the TMSEMA content was 15 wt%. The spectrum proved that the reverse reaction produced hydroxyl and carboxylate on the surface. The hydrophilic stability, surface morphology, and protein adsorption properties of PDMS film were also investigated. This study can provide new ideas and further reference for improving the hydrophilicity of PDMS surface.
Polymers for Advanced Technologies – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ;
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