Retrogradation of partially gelatinised potato starch prepared by ball milling

Retrogradation of partially gelatinised potato starch prepared by ball milling This study was performed to evaluate the effect of partial gelatinisation on the retrogradation of modified potato starch. The partially gelatinised starches with gelatinisation degree at mean levels of 22.47%, 49.18%, 76.80% and 86.19% were prepared by ball milling (0.5, 1.5, 3 and 10 h). The thermal properties and crystal structure of retrograded starch were examined during 21 days of refrigerated storage at 4 °C. Retrograded starch with high initial gelatinisation degree (86.19%) showed higher retrogradation enthalpy of 6.12 ± 0.18 J g−1 and lower onset temperature of 45.41 ± 0.24 °C than sample with low gelatinisation degree (22.47%) where the results were 1.32 ± 0.18 J g−1 and 54.05 ± 0.03 °C, respectively. During storage, two peaks in the X‐ray diffractograms for starch with high gelatinisation degree appeared and increased rapidly, while the peaks for starch with low gelatinisation degree increased slowly. These results suggest that a certain amount of remainder crystals presented in partially gelatinised starch impeded the retrogradation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Food Science & Technology Wiley

Retrogradation of partially gelatinised potato starch prepared by ball milling

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
International Journal of Food Science and Technology © 2018 Institute of Food Science and Technology
ISSN
0950-5423
eISSN
1365-2621
D.O.I.
10.1111/ijfs.13683
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study was performed to evaluate the effect of partial gelatinisation on the retrogradation of modified potato starch. The partially gelatinised starches with gelatinisation degree at mean levels of 22.47%, 49.18%, 76.80% and 86.19% were prepared by ball milling (0.5, 1.5, 3 and 10 h). The thermal properties and crystal structure of retrograded starch were examined during 21 days of refrigerated storage at 4 °C. Retrograded starch with high initial gelatinisation degree (86.19%) showed higher retrogradation enthalpy of 6.12 ± 0.18 J g−1 and lower onset temperature of 45.41 ± 0.24 °C than sample with low gelatinisation degree (22.47%) where the results were 1.32 ± 0.18 J g−1 and 54.05 ± 0.03 °C, respectively. During storage, two peaks in the X‐ray diffractograms for starch with high gelatinisation degree appeared and increased rapidly, while the peaks for starch with low gelatinisation degree increased slowly. These results suggest that a certain amount of remainder crystals presented in partially gelatinised starch impeded the retrogradation.

Journal

International Journal of Food Science & TechnologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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