Detergents such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) are commonly used to extract cells from tissues in a process called “decellularization”. Residual SDS is difficult to completely remove and may lead to an undesirable host response towards an implanted biomaterial. In this study, we developed a modification for SDS cell extraction from muscle equally efficient to previous methods but leading to significantly less residual SDS remnants in the matrices. Muscle‐derived matrices were prepared via 2 SDS‐based decellularization methods, which led to removal of either 81.4% or 98.4% of the SDS. In vitro, matrices were seeded with thp1 macrophages and primary human foreskin fibroblasts. By Day 2, both matrices demonstrated similar macrophage polarization; however, fibroblasts cultured on matrices with greater residual SDS expressed higher levels of mRNA associated with fibroblast activation: α‐smooth muscle actin and connective tissue growth factor. In vivo, Collagen I gels spiked with increasing concentrations of SDS displayed a corresponding decrease in cell infiltration when implanted subcutaneously in rats after 4 days. Finally, as a model for muscle regeneration, matrices produced by each method were implanted in rat latissimus dorsi defects. At POD 30 greater levels of IL‐1β mRNA were present in defects treated with matrices containing higher levels of SDS, indicating a more severe inflammatory response. Although matrices containing higher levels of residual SDS became encapsulated by POD 30 and showed evidence of a foreign body response, matrices with the lower levels of SDS integrated into the defect area with lower levels of inflammatory and fibrosis‐related gene expression.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera