The reproductive condition of three pairs of Bornean tarsiers (Tarsius bancanus) was documented for 16 months. Each pair was housed separately under a constant photoperiod (L:D = 11.5:12.5) similar to that in their native habitat. Reproductive cycles of females were monitored visually for 6 months and were then monitored with vaginal smears and measurements of external genitalia for an additional 10 months. Progressive proliferation and cornification of vaginal epithelial cells during proestrus and estrus was accompanied by an enlargement of the external genitalia. Cycle lengths averaged 24.0 ± 3.2 days. The external genitalia were swollen each cycle for a period of 6–9 days. Copulations occurred on the 1st day of estrus, which lasted 1–3 days. No menstruation was observed. There was no evidence of seasonality of estrous cycles with this photoperiod. Testicular measurements of males showed no overt seasonal changes. There was variation in testicular size, and one male copulated at a range of testicular sizes. The data indicate that T. bancanus has estrous cycles similar to those of prosimian primates and some New World monkeys and that these cycles occur throughout the year under constant photoperiodic conditions.
American Journal of Primatology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 1986
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