INTRODUCTIONSinus augmentation procedures are used to augment the bone volume when placing dental implants in the pneumatized posterior maxilla (Boyne & James, ; Pjetursson, Thoma, Jung, Zwahlen, & Zembic, ). These techniques can be broadly categorized into two lateral and crestal types according to the bone grafting approach. As its introduction by Boyne and James, the lateral approach of sinus augmentation procedure has been suggested at sites with a ridge height of <5 mm (Jensen & Terheyden, ). The sinus augmentation procedure involving a lateral approach can provide a direct surgical view when detaching the sinus membrane and also allow the appropriate use of instruments directly.The sinus augmentation technique utilizing a crestal approach is a simpler method that can be performed simultaneously with the implant surgery and require a smaller amount of grafted biomaterial. The development of specialized instruments for the crestal approach in sinus augmentation is facilitating their clinical use. However, the use of this technique can also increase the risk of sinus membrane perforation and thereby limit the magnitude of the augmentation possible.A modified method of sinus augmentation was recently introduced to utilize the specific advantages of the lateral and crestal approaches for sinus augmentation (Jung et al., ).
Clinical Oral Implants Research – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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