Arterial hypertension represents a major public health problem that affects more than 1 billion individuals worldwide, and the number significantly increased with the new more aggressive definition (systolic blood pressure [BP] >130 mm Hg) by the American Heart Association. A specific cause of BP elevation cannot be identified in the majority of patients (essential hypertension), while secondary causes can be identified in 5% to 15%, forming the group of secondary hypertension. Until now, more than 50 causes of secondary hypertension have been reported with various incidence. The combination of the increased prevalence of arterial hypertension in the general population and the subsequent huge absolute number of patients along with the large number of secondary causes from a variety of systems and organs renders ideal screening tests as the “Holy Grail” of appropriate management of patients with arterial hypertension.Renovascular hypertension has been traditionally considered the most common cause of secondary hypertension. The advent of renal artery angioplasty for the successful opening of the occluded renal artery made renovascular hypertension a popular research topic during the last 2 to 3 decades of the 20th century. However, two factors have dampened scientific enthusiasm: (1) the failure of renal artery angioplasty to prove its superiority over
Journal of Clinical Hypertension – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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