In materials with a complicated microstructre , the macroscopic material behaviour is unknown. In this work a Fiber‐Matrix composite is considered with elasto‐plastic fibers. A homogenization of the microscale leads to the macroscopic material properties. In the present work, this is realized in the frame of a FE2 formulation. It combines two nested finite element simulations. On the macroscale, the boundary value problem is modelled by finite elements, at each integration point a second finite element simulation on the microscale is employed to calculate the stress response and the material tangent modulus. One huge disadvantage of the approach is the high computational effort. Certainly, an accompanying homogenization is not necessary if the material behaves linear elastic. This motivates the present approach to deal with an adaptive scheme. An indicator, which makes use of the different boundary conditions (BC) of the BVP on microscale, is suggested. The homogenization with the Dirichlet BC overestimates the material tangent modulus whereas the Neumann BC underestimates the modulus . The idea for an adaptive modeling is to use both of the BCs during the loading process of the macrostructure. Starting initially with the Neumann BC leads to an overestimation of the displacement response and thus the strain state of the boundary value problem on the macroscale. An accompanying homogenization is performed after the strain reaches a limit strain. Dirichlet BCs are employed for the accompanying homogenization. Some numerical examples demonstrate the capability of the presented method. (© 2017 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Proceedings in Applied Mathematics & Mechanics – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2017
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