While common in the general population, the developmental origins of “normal” anatomic variants of the aortic arch remain unknown. Aortic arch development begins with the establishment of the second heart field (SHF) that contributes to the pharyngeal arch arteries (PAAs). The PAAs remodel during subsequent development to form the mature aortic arch and arch vessels. Retinoic acid signaling involving the biologically active metabolite of vitamin A, plays a key role in multiple steps of this process. Recent work from our laboratory indicates that the E3 ubiquitin ligase Hectd1 is required for full activation of retinoic acid signaling during cardiac development. Furthermore, our study suggested that mild alterations in retinoic acid signaling combined with reduced gene dosage of Hectd1, results in a benign aortic arch variant where the transverse aortic arch is shortened between the brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries. These abnormalities are preceded by hypoplasia of the fourth PAA. To further explore this interaction, we investigate whether reduced maternal dietary vitamin A intake can similarly influence aortic arch development. Our findings indicate that the incidence of hypoplastic fourth PAAs, as well as the incidence of shortened transverse arch are increased with reduced maternal vitamin A intake during pregnancy. These studies provide new insights as to the developmental origins of these benign aortic arch variants.
Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development – Wiley
Published: Jul 1, 2019
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera