Red cell alterations associated with virucidal methylene blue phototreatment

Red cell alterations associated with virucidal methylene blue phototreatment Several red cell storage properties were evaluated following phototreatment with methylene blue (MB) under conditions that inactivated > or = 6 log10 of added vesicular stomatitis virus. Red cell 2,3 DPG levels were similar to untreated controls throughout conventional 42‐day storage at 4 degrees C. Plasma hemoglobin levels were elevated approximately twofold in MB‐phototreated samples, and morphology scores were 5 percent lower after 42‐day storage. ATP levels declined 30 percent in phototreated samples and in a control sample containing MB and not exposed to light. Lipid peroxidation was not observed in treated or control cells, nor were differences observed in sodium dodecyl sulfate‐polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of ghost membranes derived from phototreated and control samples. Phototreated cells exhibited enhanced ion permeability; sodium and potassium levels approached equilibrium with the suspending medium within 4 to 7 days after treatment. Direct agglutination tests using rabbit anti‐human IgG or rabbit anti‐human serum albumin on MB‐phototreated cells indicated that serum proteins had absorbed to the surface of treated red cells. Plasma depletion by washing red cells prior to phototreatment did not prevent protein binding upon subsequent addition of untreated autologous or group AB plasma. To a much smaller extent, phototreatment of plasma resulted in IgG association with untreated red cells. The addition of glutathione to red cell suspensions prevented IgG binding to phototreated red cells but did not prevent enhanced ion permeability. Taken together, these data suggest that the red cell surface is altered by virucidal MB phototreatment of vesicular stomatitis virus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Transfusion Wiley

Red cell alterations associated with virucidal methylene blue phototreatment

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/red-cell-alterations-associated-with-virucidal-methylene-blue-qRnID0yPKb
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
1993 AABB
ISSN
0041-1132
eISSN
1537-2995
D.O.I.
10.1046/j.1537-2995.1993.33193142306.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Several red cell storage properties were evaluated following phototreatment with methylene blue (MB) under conditions that inactivated > or = 6 log10 of added vesicular stomatitis virus. Red cell 2,3 DPG levels were similar to untreated controls throughout conventional 42‐day storage at 4 degrees C. Plasma hemoglobin levels were elevated approximately twofold in MB‐phototreated samples, and morphology scores were 5 percent lower after 42‐day storage. ATP levels declined 30 percent in phototreated samples and in a control sample containing MB and not exposed to light. Lipid peroxidation was not observed in treated or control cells, nor were differences observed in sodium dodecyl sulfate‐polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of ghost membranes derived from phototreated and control samples. Phototreated cells exhibited enhanced ion permeability; sodium and potassium levels approached equilibrium with the suspending medium within 4 to 7 days after treatment. Direct agglutination tests using rabbit anti‐human IgG or rabbit anti‐human serum albumin on MB‐phototreated cells indicated that serum proteins had absorbed to the surface of treated red cells. Plasma depletion by washing red cells prior to phototreatment did not prevent protein binding upon subsequent addition of untreated autologous or group AB plasma. To a much smaller extent, phototreatment of plasma resulted in IgG association with untreated red cells. The addition of glutathione to red cell suspensions prevented IgG binding to phototreated red cells but did not prevent enhanced ion permeability. Taken together, these data suggest that the red cell surface is altered by virucidal MB phototreatment of vesicular stomatitis virus.

Journal

TransfusionWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1993

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off