A recent guideline recommends therapeutic drug monitoring for risperidone, paliperidone and olanzapine, which are frequently used second‐generation antipsychotics. We developed a simple high‐performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry coupled with an online solid‐phase extraction method that can be used to measure risperidone, paliperidone and olanzapine using small (40 μL) samples. The analytes were extracted from serum samples automatically pre‐concentrated and purified by C8 (5 μm, 2.1 × 30 mm) solid‐phase extraction cartridges, then chromatographed on an Xbidge™ C18 column (3.5 μm, 100 × 2.1 mm) thermostatted at 30°C with a mobile phase consisting of 70% acetonitrile and 30% ammonium hydroxide 1% solution at an isocratic flow rate of 0.3 mL/min, and detected with tandem mass spectrometry. The assay was validated in the concentration range from 2.5 to 160 ng/mL. Intra‐ and inter‐day precision for all analytes was between 1.1 and 8.2%; method accuracy was between 6.6 and 7.6%. The risperidone and paliperidone assay was compared with a high‐performance liquid chromatography‐ultraviolet assay currently used in our hospital for risperidone and paliperidone therapeutic drug monitoring, and the results of weighted Deming regression analysis showed good agreement. For the olanzapine assay, we compared 20 samples in separate re‐assays on different days; all the relative errors were within the 20% recommended limit.
Biomedical Chromatography – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ;
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